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  1. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Oscar Flores-Flores, Alejandro Zevallos-Morales, Ivonne Carrión, Dalia Pawer, Lorena Rey, William Checkley, John R. Hurst, Trishul Siddharthan, Jose F. Parodi, Joseph J. Gallo and Suzanne L. Pollard

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:72

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article that this is related to.

  2. Several reviews have found that psychological trauma affects access to health care services, including mental health care, in the general population. People from refugee and asylum seeker backgrounds are more ...

    Authors: Clemence Due, Erin Green and Anna Ziersch

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:71

    Content type: Review

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  3. Australia is an ethnically diverse nation with one of the largest refugee resettlement programs worldwide, including high numbers of refugees with an Arabic speaking background. Evidence suggests that refugees...

    Authors: Shameran Slewa-Younan, Maria Gabriela Uribe Guajardo, Yaser Mohammad, Henry Lim, Gabriela Martinez, Randa Saleh and Michele Sapucci

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:69

    Content type: Research

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  4. The COVID-19 pandemic has exerted considerable impact on public mental health globally. With the pandemic rapidly rising in sub-Saharan Africa including Kenya, there is need to provide evidence to guide the me...

    Authors: Florence Jaguga and Edith Kwobah

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:68

    Content type: Review

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  5. Language, socio-emotional and cognitive development in children and adolescents with mental health issues is getting increased attention over the last years. Establishing communication patterns and addressing ...

    Authors: Panagiotis Katrakazas, Aliki Grigoriadou and Dimitrios Koutsouris

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:67

    Content type: Research

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  6. There are substantial gaps in our knowledge regarding the aetiology of mental, neurological and substance use disorders in sub-Saharan Africa, and the cost-effectiveness and scalability of interventions to red...

    Authors: Lisa F. Langhaug, Helen Jack, Charlotte Hanlon, Stefan Holzer, Katherine Sorsdahl, Barbara Mutedzi, Walter Mangezi, Christopher Merritt, Atalay Alem, Robert Stewart, Chiwoza Bandawe, Rosemary Musesengwa, Melanie Abas, Dixon Chibanda and Crick Lund

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:66

    Content type: Research

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  7. Peer-led support models have gained increasing popularity in suicide prevention. While previous reviews show positive effects of peer-led support for people with mental health problems and those bereaved by su...

    Authors: Marisa Schlichthorst, Ingrid Ozols, Lennart Reifels and Amy Morgan

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:65

    Content type: Review

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  8. A common mental disorder is characterized by anxiety, depression, and unexplained somatic symptoms that usually encountered in community and primary care settings. Both short and long term bio psychosocial dis...

    Authors: Nigus Alemnew Engidaw, Zakir Abdu and Ishwari Chinani

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:64

    Content type: Research

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  9. Co-morbidity of depression with other non-communicable diseases (NCDs) worsens clinical outcomes for both conditions. Low- and middle-income countries need to strengthen mechanisms for detection and management...

    Authors: Jerome Wright, Papiya Mazumdar, Deepa Barua, Silwa Lina, Humaira Bibi, Ateeqa Kanwal, Faiza Mujeeb, Qirat Naz, Rahim Safi, Baha Ul Haq, Rusham Zahra Rana, Papreen Nahar, Hannah Jennings, Siham Sikander, Rumana Huque, Asad Nizami…

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:63

    Content type: Research

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  10. This study explores the factor structure of the Indonesian version of the GHQ-12 based on several theoretical perspectives and determines the threshold for optimum sensitivity and specificity. Through a focus ...

    Authors: S. G. Anjara, C. Bonetto, T. Van Bortel and C. Brayne

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:62

    Content type: Research

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  11. The high rate of unemployment among young adults in Ethiopia, which was 25.3% in 2018, is a major social, and public health concern. The risk of mental health problems like depression is higher among the unemp...

    Authors: Hirbaye Mokona, Kalkidan Yohannes and Getinet Ayano

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:61

    Content type: Research

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  12. Staff-directed aggression is a concern for service providers in mental healthcare, frequently affecting both the quality of services and staff wellbeing. This also applies to supported housing services for peo...

    Authors: Erlend R. Maagerø-Bangstad, Knut Tore Sælør, Ole Greger Lillevik and Ottar Ness

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:60

    Content type: Research

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  13. Violent and aggressive incidents are common within mental health settings and are often managed using high-risk physical interventions such as restraint and seclusion. De-escalation is a first-line technique t...

    Authors: Helena Goodman, Cat Papastavrou Brooks, Owen Price and Elizabeth Alexandra Barley

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:59

    Content type: Research

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  14. Mental health challenges are a leading health concern for youth globally, requiring a comprehensive approach incorporating promotion, prevention and treatment within a healthy public policy framework. However,...

    Authors: Emily Jenkins, Rebecca Haines-Saah, Liza McGuinness, Saima Hirani, Noah Boakye-Yiadom, Tanya Halsall, Robert Rivers and Jonathan Morris

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:58

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. The COVID pandemic has been devastating for not only its direct impact on lives, physical health, socio-economic status of individuals, but also for its impact on mental health. Some individuals are affected p...

    Authors: Pallab K. Maulik, Graham Thornicroft and Shekhar Saxena

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:57

    Content type: Debate

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  16. Self-stigma associated with mental illness has remained a global public health issue affecting social interactions, health care, productivity and acceptance among others. It is one of important factors contrib...

    Authors: Eba Abdisa, Ginenus Fekadu, Shimelis Girma, Tesfaye Shibiru, Temesgen Tilahun, Habib Mohamed, Aaga Wakgari, Amsalu Takele, Milkias Abebe and Reta Tsegaye

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:56

    Content type: Research

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  17. Depression is one of the common mental health disorders and predicted to be the second cause of the global health burden by the year 2020. Depression in HIV patients may lead to poor engagement to their HIV ca...

    Authors: Seada Seid, Oumer Abdu, Mebratu Mitiku and Koku Sisay Tamirat

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:55

    Content type: Research

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  18. Mental health is a major public health priority, especially among refugees. The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) started to integrate mental health and psychosocial support...

    Authors: Yassir Turki, Suha Saleh, Shatha Albaik, Yasmeen Barham, Dorien van de Vrie, Yousef Shahin, Majed Hababeh, Merve Armagan and Akihiro Seita

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:54

    Content type: Research

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  19. Despite the increasing recognition globally of the importance of mental health for sustainable development, significant barriers remain to developing mental health services in low- and middle-income countries....

    Authors: Sarah J. Parry, Nil Ean, Shirley P. Sinclair and Ewan Wilkinson

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:53

    Content type: Research

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  20. Depression is a common health problem among university students. It is debilitating and has a detrimental impact on students psychosocial, emotional, interpersonal functioning and academic performance, However...

    Authors: Gutema Ahmed, Alemayehu Negash, Habtamu Kerebih, Daniel Alemu and Yonas Tesfaye

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:52

    Content type: Research

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  21. The involvement of service users and caregivers is recommended as a strategy to strengthen health systems and scale up quality mental healthcare equitably, particularly in low-and-middle-income countries. Serv...

    Authors: Sisay Abayneh, Heidi Lempp, Atalay Alem, Brandon A. Kohrt, Abebaw Fekadu and Charlotte Hanlon

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:51

    Content type: Research

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  22. Mental health is the leading cause of disability worldwide. In the wake of both a civil war and an Ebola outbreak, Sierra Leone ranks as one of the lowest ranked countries on the Human Development Index (UNDP....

    Authors: Ben Adams, Frédérique Vallières, Joshua Abioseh Duncan, Agnes Higgins and Julian Eaton

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:50

    Content type: Research

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  23. Despite the high levels of depression and anxiety symptoms in old age, the use of mental health services in this population is low. Help-seeking behaviors are shaped by how an individual perceives and experien...

    Authors: Oscar Flores-Flores, Alejandro Zevallos-Morales, Ivonne Carrión, Dalia Pawer, Lorena Rey, W. Checkley, J. R. Hurst, T. Siddharthan, Jose F. Parodi, Joseph J. Gallo and Suzanne L. Pollard

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:49

    Content type: Research

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  24. While effective interventions have been developed to support families where a parent has a mental illness in Adult Mental Health Services, embedding and sustaining them is challenging resulting in families not...

    Authors: Becca Allchin, Brendan O’Hanlon, Bente M. Weimand, Fran Boyer, Georgia Cripps, Lisa Gill, Brooke Paisley, Sian Pietsch, Brad Wynne and Melinda Goodyear

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:48

    Content type: Research

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  25. Despite the increasing burden of mental, neurological, and substance use (MNS) disorders, a significant treatment gap for these disorders continues to exist across the world, and especially in low- and middle-...

    Authors: Ashmita Chaulagain, Laura Pacione, Jibril Abdulmalik, Peter Hughes, Kopchak Oksana, Stanislav Chumak, José Mendoza, Kristine Avetisyan, Gayane Ghazaryan, Khachatur Gasparyan, Eka Chkonia, Chiara Servili, Neerja Chowdhury, Iryna Pinchuk, Myron Belfar, Anthony Guerrero…

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:47

    Content type: Research

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  26. Attempted suicide remains difficult for clinicians to predict with some established risk factors. We investigate the detailed characteristics of attempted suicide especially according to age and methods of sui...

    Authors: Soo Hyun Kim, Han Joon Kim, Sang Hoon Oh and Kyungman Cha

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:46

    Content type: Research

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  27. There is strong evidence that collaborative practice in mental healthcare improves outcomes for patients. The concept of collaborative practice can include collaboration between healthcare workers of different...

    Authors: Wendy Shoesmith, Sze Hung Chua, Beena Giridharan, Dawn Forman and Sue Fyfe

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:45

    Content type: Guideline

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  28. Mental health conditions remain a significant cause of disability in the Arab World. Palestinians are predominantly at a higher risk for mental health problems due to their chronic exposure to political violen...

    Authors: Mohammad Marie, Zareefa Shaabna and Manahel Saleh

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:44

    Content type: Research

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  29. Various models for collaborative practice in mental health care incorporating the perspectives of service-user participation and collaboration in the care have been developed. However, the emphasis in these pr...

    Authors: Rolf Sundet, Hesook Suzie Kim, Bengt Eirik Karlsson, Marit Borg, Knut Tore Sælør and Ottar Ness

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:43

    Content type: Research

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  30. Collaboration has become a cornerstone for healthcare practice in recent decades resulting in the efforts at international and national levels to integrate the concept into healthcare practice and services. Ho...

    Authors: Rolf Sundet, Hesook Suzie Kim, Bengt Eirik Karlsson, Marit Borg, Knut Tore Sælør and Ottar Ness

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:42

    Content type: Research

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  31. The subject of how the initial allocation of the primary mental health professional (PMHP) in community mental health services is made and the frequency and management of users’ requests to choose and/or chang...

    Authors: G. Rioli, S. Ferrari, C. Henderson and G. M. Galeazzi

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:41

    Content type: Research

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  32. Due to severe shortages of specialist mental health personnel in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), psychological therapies are increasingly being delivered by non-specialist health workers (NSHWs). Pre...

    Authors: Ibone J. Verhey, Grace K. Ryan, Nathaniel Scherer and Jessica F. Magidson

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:40

    Content type: Review

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  33. Peer support for people with long-term mental health problems is central to recovery-oriented approaches in mental health care. Peer support has traditionally been conducted offline in face-to-face groups, whi...

    Authors: Monica Strand, Lillian Sofie Eng and Deede Gammon

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:39

    Content type: Research

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  34. The novel SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus pandemic has emerged as a truly formidable threat to humankind’s existence. In the wake of the massively volatile global situation created by COVID-19, it is vital to recognize...

    Authors: Akaninyene Otu, Carlo Handy Charles and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:38

    Content type: Commentary

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  35. Regionally-specific approaches to primary mental health service provision through Primary Health Networks (PHNs) have been a feature of recent national mental health reforms. No previous studies have been cond...

    Authors: Sithum Munasinghe, Andrew Page, Haider Mannan, Shahana Ferdousi and Brendan Peek

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:37

    Content type: Research

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  36. Mental health in developing countries is a keen area for improvements. Epidemiological research in this field helps to reinforce information, generate hypothesis and guide police makers. This study intends to ...

    Authors: Gustavo de Brito Venâncio dos Santos, Moisés Goldbaum, Chester Luiz Galvão César and Reinaldo José Gianini

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:36

    Content type: Research

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  37. Children and adolescents with chronic physical health conditions are vulnerable to poor mental health outcomes. The measurement of mental health literacy of health professionals working with such populations i...

    Authors: Shameran Slewa-Younan, Thomas P. Nguyen, Nabeel Al-Yateem, Rachel Cathrine Rossiter and Walter Robb

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:35

    Content type: Research

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  38. Early interventions for depression among youth are greatly needed. Although Youth Mental Health First Aid (YMHFA) program has been developed to teach the public how to help young people with mental disorders, ...

    Authors: Jun Kashihara and Shinji Sakamoto

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:34

    Content type: Research

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  39. The generation of people getting older has become a public health concern worldwide. People aged 65 and above are the most at risk for Alzheimer’s disease which is associated with physical and behavioral chang...

    Authors: Pia Ngoma Nankinga, Samuel Maling, Zeina Chemali, Edith K. Wakida, Celestino Obua and Elialilia S. Okello

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:33

    Content type: Research

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  40. Information on the degree of internalized stigma experienced by patients with mood disorders in Ethiopia is limited. This study attempted to assess the levels of internalized stigma and factors associated with...

    Authors: Elias Tesfaye, Benyam Worku, Eshetu Girma and Liyew Agenagnew

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:32

    Content type: Research

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  41. Adolescent clients often come to therapy at the initiative of others and show a higher drop-out rate compared to adult clients. Therapeutic relationships are critical for preventing drop-outs and attaining goo...

    Authors: Tonje Børseth Barca, Christian Moltu, Marius Veseth, Gro Fjellheim and Signe Hjelen Stige

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:31

    Content type: Research

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  42. Substantial strides have been made around the world in reforming mental health systems by shifting away from institutional care towards community-based services. Despite an extensive evidence base on what cons...

    Authors: Laura Shields-Zeeman, Ionela Petrea, Filip Smit, Bethany Hipple Walters, Jovo Dedovic, Martina Rojnic Kuzman, Vladimir Nakov, Raluca Nica, Antoni Novotni, Catharina Roth, Aleksandar Tomcuk, Ben F. M. Wijnen and Michel Wensing

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:30

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. Despite a recent contrary trend, Finland has been for decades one of the most violent countries in Western Europe. Also, Finland has had one of the highest number of psychiatric beds per capita in Europe, alth...

    Authors: Allan Seppänen, Petteri Joelsson, Aulikki Ahlgren-Rimpiläinen and Eila Repo-Tiihonen

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:29

    Content type: Review

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  44. Studies in mental health care for low resource settings indicate that providing services at primary care level would significantly improve provision and utilisation of mental health services. Challenges relate...

    Authors: Margarate Nzala Munakampe

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:28

    Content type: Research

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  45. Suicide is a behaviour that results from a complex interplay of factors, including biological, psychological, social, cultural, and environmental factors, among others. A participatory model building workshop ...

    Authors: Laura H. Thompson, Justin J. Lang, Brieanne Olibris, Amélie Gauthier-Beaupré, Heather Cook, Dakota Gillies and Heather Orpana

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:27

    Content type: Research

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  46. Mental disorders affect employment and the ability to work, and mental healthcare providers are important in the promotion of health and employment for affected individuals. The objective of this study is to e...

    Authors: Ikenna D. Ebuenyi, Barbara J. Regeer, Chinyere Aguocha, Joske F. G. Bunders-Aelen and Mònica Guxens

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:26

    Content type: Research

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  47. Some forensic patients in England remain in secure care for long, possibly unnecessarily prolonged, periods, raising significant ethical and resource issues. Research focused on the patients in secure care has...

    Authors: Jessica Holley, Tim Weaver and Birgit Völlm

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:25

    Content type: Research

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  48. The increasing number of people who experience mental disorders is a global problem. People with mental disorders have high rates of co-morbidity and significantly poorer oral health outcomes than the general ...

    Authors: Amanda Kenny, Virginia Dickson-Swift, Mark Gussy, Susan Kidd, Dianne Cox, Mohd Masood, David Azul, Carina Chan, Bradley Christian, Jacqui Theobold, Brad Hodge, Ron Knevel, Carol McKinstry, Danielle Couch, Nerida Hyett, Prabhakar Veginadu…

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:24

    Content type: Study protocol

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  49. Similar to other health care sectors, mental health has moved towards the secondary prevention, with the effort to detect and treat mental disorders as early as possible. However, converging evidence sheds new...

    Authors: Marco Colizzi, Antonio Lasalvia and Mirella Ruggeri

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:23

    Content type: Review

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