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  1. The global shortage of mental health workers is a significant barrier to the implementation and scale-up of mental health services. Partially as a result of this shortage, approximately 85% of people with ment...

    Authors: Tarik Endale, Onaiza Qureshi, Grace Kathryn Ryan, Georgina Miguel Esponda, Ruth Verhey, Julian Eaton, Mary De Silva and Jill Murphy

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:89

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Based on previous experience there is justifiable concern about suicidal behaviour and news media reporting of it during COVID-19 pandemic.

    Authors: Soumitra Pathare, Lakshmi Vijayakumar, Tanya Nicole Fernandes, Manisha Shastri, Arjun Kapoor, Deepa Pandit, Isha Lohumi, Somidha Ray, Arti Kulkarni and Palak Korde

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:88

    Content type: Research

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  3. Patients with severe mental illness (SMI) have shorter life expectancy than people without SMI, mainly due to overmortality from physical diseases. They are treated by professionals in three different health a...

    Authors: Annette Sofie Davidsen, Johan Davidsen, Alexandra Brandt Ryborg Jønsson, Maria Haahr Nielsen, Pia Kürstein Kjellberg and Susanne Reventlow

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:87

    Content type: Research

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  4. Reducing involuntary psychiatric admissions has been on the international human rights and health policy agenda for years. Despite the last decades’ shift towards more services for adults with severe mental il...

    Authors: Irene Wormdahl, Tonje Lossius Husum, Jorun Rugkåsa and Marit B. Rise

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:86

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  5. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Mark Tomlinson, Deepika Chaudhery, Habibullah Ahmadzai, Sofía Rodríguez Gómez, Cécile Bizouerne, Thandi van Heyningen and Mickey Chopra

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:85

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:75

  6. About 1468 Syrian and Turkish doctors, serving in primary health care, have received the mhGAP training during 2016–2019. As additional training needs were identified, MoH and WHO wanted to understand the usef...

    Authors: Akfer Karaoğlan Kahiloğulları, Esra Alataş, Fatmagül Ertuğrul and Altin Malaj

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:84

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  7. Many individuals with mental health problems have comorbid physical conditions, or may present with substance/alcohol misuse or abuse issues. This results in complex treatment challenges that may not be adequa...

    Authors: C. Ee, J. Lake, J. Firth, F. Hargraves, M. de Manincor, T. Meade, W. Marx and J. Sarris

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:83

    Content type: Debate

    Published on:

  8. Patients with schizophrenia and related disorders have more physical problems than the general population. Primary care professionals play an important role in the care of these patients as they are the main e...

    Authors: Mª Carmen Castillejos Anguiano, Carlos Martín Pérez, Antonio Bordallo Aragón, Jesus Sepúlveda Muñoz and Berta Moreno Küstner

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:82

    Content type: Research

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  9. There is no current guidance on where Mindfulness for Psychosis groups should best be situated within care pathways. The objectives of this paper are to (1) describe a novel care pathway tested out in a psychi...

    Authors: K. T. Ting, Wendy Tam and Pamela Jacobsen

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:81

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  10. In 2014 the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) undertook a systematic and deliberate campaign against minority groups and non-Sunni Muslim communities. Amongst some of the greatest atrocities were those ta...

    Authors: Perjan Hashim Taha and Shameran Slewa-Younan

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:80

    Content type: Research

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  11. Depression is associated with chronic physical illnesses and negatively affects health outcomes. However, it often goes undiagnosed and untreated. We investigated the prevalence of depression among adult type ...

    Authors: Michael Udedi, Brian W. Pence, Robert C. Stewart and Adamson S. Muula

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:79

    Content type: Research

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  12. People who use drugs are at a disproportionately higher risk of mental disorders due to prolonged exposure to psychosocial challenges. However, studies on mental health among people who use drugs in resource-c...

    Authors: Chan Hang Saing, Kiesha Prem, Ponha Uk, Navy Chann, Pheak Chhoun, Phalkun Mun, Sovannary Tuot and Siyan Yi

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:77

    Content type: Research

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  13. Human rights watchdogs have described conditions in Nigerian correctional facilities and detention centers as damaging to the physical and mental health of inmates. While the prevalence of mental disorders is ...

    Authors: Emeka Nwefoh, Chinyere M. Aguocha, Grace Ryan, Philip Ode, Festus O. Ighagbon, Oyedele Akinjola, Samuel Omoi, Jibril Abdulmalik, Terkura M. Agbir, Obekpa Obekpa, Samuel Ogbole and Julian Eaton

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:76

    Content type: Research

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  14. The disproportionately high burden of mental disorders in low- and middle-income countries, coupled with the overwhelming lack of resources, requires an innovative approach to intervention and response. This s...

    Authors: Mark Tomlinson, Deepika Chaudhery, Habibullah Ahmadzai, Sofía Rodríguez Gómez, Cécile Bizouerne, Thandi van Heyningen and Mickey Chopra

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:75

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:85

  15. Mental health and substance use disorders (SUDs) are the world’s leading cause of years lived with disability; in low-and-middle income countries (LIMCs), the treatment gap for SUDs is at least 75%. LMICs face...

    Authors: Jan Manuel Heijdra Suasnabar and Bethany Hipple Walters

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:74

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  16. In order to develop a district child and adolescent mental health (CAMH) plan, it is vital to engage with a range of stakeholders involved in providing CAMH services, given the complexities associated with del...

    Authors: Gbotemi Bukola Babatunde, André Janse van Rensburg, Arvin Bhana and Inge Petersen

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:73

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  17. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Oscar Flores-Flores, Alejandro Zevallos-Morales, Ivonne Carrión, Dalia Pawer, Lorena Rey, William Checkley, John R. Hurst, Trishul Siddharthan, Jose F. Parodi, Joseph J. Gallo and Suzanne L. Pollard

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:72

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:49

  18. Several reviews have found that psychological trauma affects access to health care services, including mental health care, in the general population. People from refugee and asylum seeker backgrounds are more ...

    Authors: Clemence Due, Erin Green and Anna Ziersch

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:71

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  19. Australia is an ethnically diverse nation with one of the largest refugee resettlement programs worldwide, including high numbers of refugees with an Arabic speaking background. Evidence suggests that refugees...

    Authors: Shameran Slewa-Younan, Maria Gabriela Uribe Guajardo, Yaser Mohammad, Henry Lim, Gabriela Martinez, Randa Saleh and Michele Sapucci

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:69

    Content type: Research

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  20. The COVID-19 pandemic has exerted considerable impact on public mental health globally. With the pandemic rapidly rising in sub-Saharan Africa including Kenya, there is need to provide evidence to guide the me...

    Authors: Florence Jaguga and Edith Kwobah

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:68

    Content type: Review

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  21. Language, socio-emotional and cognitive development in children and adolescents with mental health issues is getting increased attention over the last years. Establishing communication patterns and addressing ...

    Authors: Panagiotis Katrakazas, Aliki Grigoriadou and Dimitrios Koutsouris

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:67

    Content type: Research

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  22. There are substantial gaps in our knowledge regarding the aetiology of mental, neurological and substance use disorders in sub-Saharan Africa, and the cost-effectiveness and scalability of interventions to red...

    Authors: Lisa F. Langhaug, Helen Jack, Charlotte Hanlon, Stefan Holzer, Katherine Sorsdahl, Barbara Mutedzi, Walter Mangezi, Christopher Merritt, Atalay Alem, Robert Stewart, Chiwoza Bandawe, Rosemary Musesengwa, Melanie Abas, Dixon Chibanda and Crick Lund

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:66

    Content type: Research

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  23. Peer-led support models have gained increasing popularity in suicide prevention. While previous reviews show positive effects of peer-led support for people with mental health problems and those bereaved by su...

    Authors: Marisa Schlichthorst, Ingrid Ozols, Lennart Reifels and Amy Morgan

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:65

    Content type: Review

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  24. A common mental disorder is characterized by anxiety, depression, and unexplained somatic symptoms that usually encountered in community and primary care settings. Both short and long term bio psychosocial dis...

    Authors: Nigus Alemnew Engidaw, Zakir Abdu and Ishwari Chinani

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:64

    Content type: Research

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  25. Co-morbidity of depression with other non-communicable diseases (NCDs) worsens clinical outcomes for both conditions. Low- and middle-income countries need to strengthen mechanisms for detection and management...

    Authors: Jerome Wright, Papiya Mazumdar, Deepa Barua, Silwa Lina, Humaira Bibi, Ateeqa Kanwal, Faiza Mujeeb, Qirat Naz, Rahim Safi, Baha Ul Haq, Rusham Zahra Rana, Papreen Nahar, Hannah Jennings, Siham Sikander, Rumana Huque, Asad Nizami…

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:63

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. This study explores the factor structure of the Indonesian version of the GHQ-12 based on several theoretical perspectives and determines the threshold for optimum sensitivity and specificity. Through a focus ...

    Authors: S. G. Anjara, C. Bonetto, T. Van Bortel and C. Brayne

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:62

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. The high rate of unemployment among young adults in Ethiopia, which was 25.3% in 2018, is a major social, and public health concern. The risk of mental health problems like depression is higher among the unemp...

    Authors: Hirbaye Mokona, Kalkidan Yohannes and Getinet Ayano

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:61

    Content type: Research

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  28. Staff-directed aggression is a concern for service providers in mental healthcare, frequently affecting both the quality of services and staff wellbeing. This also applies to supported housing services for peo...

    Authors: Erlend R. Maagerø-Bangstad, Knut Tore Sælør, Ole Greger Lillevik and Ottar Ness

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:60

    Content type: Research

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  29. Violent and aggressive incidents are common within mental health settings and are often managed using high-risk physical interventions such as restraint and seclusion. De-escalation is a first-line technique t...

    Authors: Helena Goodman, Cat Papastavrou Brooks, Owen Price and Elizabeth Alexandra Barley

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:59

    Content type: Research

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  30. Mental health challenges are a leading health concern for youth globally, requiring a comprehensive approach incorporating promotion, prevention and treatment within a healthy public policy framework. However,...

    Authors: Emily Jenkins, Rebecca Haines-Saah, Liza McGuinness, Saima Hirani, Noah Boakye-Yiadom, Tanya Halsall, Robert Rivers and Jonathan Morris

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:58

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. The COVID pandemic has been devastating for not only its direct impact on lives, physical health, socio-economic status of individuals, but also for its impact on mental health. Some individuals are affected p...

    Authors: Pallab K. Maulik, Graham Thornicroft and Shekhar Saxena

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:57

    Content type: Debate

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  32. Self-stigma associated with mental illness has remained a global public health issue affecting social interactions, health care, productivity and acceptance among others. It is one of important factors contrib...

    Authors: Eba Abdisa, Ginenus Fekadu, Shimelis Girma, Tesfaye Shibiru, Temesgen Tilahun, Habib Mohamed, Aaga Wakgari, Amsalu Takele, Milkias Abebe and Reta Tsegaye

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:56

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Depression is one of the common mental health disorders and predicted to be the second cause of the global health burden by the year 2020. Depression in HIV patients may lead to poor engagement to their HIV ca...

    Authors: Seada Seid, Oumer Abdu, Mebratu Mitiku and Koku Sisay Tamirat

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:55

    Content type: Research

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  34. Mental health is a major public health priority, especially among refugees. The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) started to integrate mental health and psychosocial support...

    Authors: Yassir Turki, Suha Saleh, Shatha Albaik, Yasmeen Barham, Dorien van de Vrie, Yousef Shahin, Majed Hababeh, Merve Armagan and Akihiro Seita

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:54

    Content type: Research

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  35. Despite the increasing recognition globally of the importance of mental health for sustainable development, significant barriers remain to developing mental health services in low- and middle-income countries....

    Authors: Sarah J. Parry, Nil Ean, Shirley P. Sinclair and Ewan Wilkinson

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:53

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Depression is a common health problem among university students. It is debilitating and has a detrimental impact on students psychosocial, emotional, interpersonal functioning and academic performance, However...

    Authors: Gutema Ahmed, Alemayehu Negash, Habtamu Kerebih, Daniel Alemu and Yonas Tesfaye

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:52

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. The involvement of service users and caregivers is recommended as a strategy to strengthen health systems and scale up quality mental healthcare equitably, particularly in low-and-middle-income countries. Serv...

    Authors: Sisay Abayneh, Heidi Lempp, Atalay Alem, Brandon A. Kohrt, Abebaw Fekadu and Charlotte Hanlon

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:51

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. Mental health is the leading cause of disability worldwide. In the wake of both a civil war and an Ebola outbreak, Sierra Leone ranks as one of the lowest ranked countries on the Human Development Index (UNDP....

    Authors: Ben Adams, Frédérique Vallières, Joshua Abioseh Duncan, Agnes Higgins and Julian Eaton

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:50

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Despite the high levels of depression and anxiety symptoms in old age, the use of mental health services in this population is low. Help-seeking behaviors are shaped by how an individual perceives and experien...

    Authors: Oscar Flores-Flores, Alejandro Zevallos-Morales, Ivonne Carrión, Dalia Pawer, Lorena Rey, W. Checkley, J. R. Hurst, T. Siddharthan, Jose F. Parodi, Joseph J. Gallo and Suzanne L. Pollard

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:49

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:72

  40. While effective interventions have been developed to support families where a parent has a mental illness in Adult Mental Health Services, embedding and sustaining them is challenging resulting in families not...

    Authors: Becca Allchin, Brendan O’Hanlon, Bente M. Weimand, Fran Boyer, Georgia Cripps, Lisa Gill, Brooke Paisley, Sian Pietsch, Brad Wynne and Melinda Goodyear

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:48

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Despite the increasing burden of mental, neurological, and substance use (MNS) disorders, a significant treatment gap for these disorders continues to exist across the world, and especially in low- and middle-...

    Authors: Ashmita Chaulagain, Laura Pacione, Jibril Abdulmalik, Peter Hughes, Kopchak Oksana, Stanislav Chumak, José Mendoza, Kristine Avetisyan, Gayane Ghazaryan, Khachatur Gasparyan, Eka Chkonia, Chiara Servili, Neerja Chowdhury, Iryna Pinchuk, Myron Belfar, Anthony Guerrero…

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:47

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Attempted suicide remains difficult for clinicians to predict with some established risk factors. We investigate the detailed characteristics of attempted suicide especially according to age and methods of sui...

    Authors: Soo Hyun Kim, Han Joon Kim, Sang Hoon Oh and Kyungman Cha

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:46

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. There is strong evidence that collaborative practice in mental healthcare improves outcomes for patients. The concept of collaborative practice can include collaboration between healthcare workers of different...

    Authors: Wendy Shoesmith, Sze Hung Chua, Beena Giridharan, Dawn Forman and Sue Fyfe

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:45

    Content type: Guideline

    Published on:

  44. Mental health conditions remain a significant cause of disability in the Arab World. Palestinians are predominantly at a higher risk for mental health problems due to their chronic exposure to political violen...

    Authors: Mohammad Marie, Zareefa Shaabna and Manahel Saleh

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:44

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. Various models for collaborative practice in mental health care incorporating the perspectives of service-user participation and collaboration in the care have been developed. However, the emphasis in these pr...

    Authors: Rolf Sundet, Hesook Suzie Kim, Bengt Eirik Karlsson, Marit Borg, Knut Tore Sælør and Ottar Ness

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:43

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  46. Collaboration has become a cornerstone for healthcare practice in recent decades resulting in the efforts at international and national levels to integrate the concept into healthcare practice and services. Ho...

    Authors: Rolf Sundet, Hesook Suzie Kim, Bengt Eirik Karlsson, Marit Borg, Knut Tore Sælør and Ottar Ness

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:42

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  47. The subject of how the initial allocation of the primary mental health professional (PMHP) in community mental health services is made and the frequency and management of users’ requests to choose and/or chang...

    Authors: G. Rioli, S. Ferrari, C. Henderson and G. M. Galeazzi

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:41

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  48. Due to severe shortages of specialist mental health personnel in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), psychological therapies are increasingly being delivered by non-specialist health workers (NSHWs). Pre...

    Authors: Ibone J. Verhey, Grace K. Ryan, Nathaniel Scherer and Jessica F. Magidson

    Citation: International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2020 14:40

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

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