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Table 4 Description of Bivariable and Multivariable binary logistic regression analysis showing association between lifetime relapse and associated factors among participants with schizophrenia spectrum disorders in Comprehensive Specialized Hospitals, Amhara, 2020 (404)

From: Lifetime relapse and its associated factors among people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders who are on follow up at Comprehensive Specialized Hospitals in Amhara region, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Explanatory variables Relapse COR AOR P-value
Yes No
Sex
 Male 136 89 1.32 (0.88, 1.96) 1.23 (0.790, 1.92)  
 Female 96 83    
Marital status
 Has spouse 45 23    
 No spouse 187 149 0.64 (0.37, 1.108) 0.69 (0.38, 1.27)  
Income
  < 2044 110 93 0.76 (0.51, 1.13) 0.68 (0.43, 1.07)  
  ≥ 2044 122 79    
Duration on treatment
 Within 5 years 184 118 1.75 (1.11, 2.75) 1.71 (1.05, 2.81) 0.03
  > 5 years 48 54    
Comorbid mental illness
 Yes 65 27 2.09 (1.26, 3.44) 1.84 (1.06, 3.18) 0.02
 No 167 145    
Medication adherence
 Adherent 153 148    
 Non adherent 79 24 3.18 (1.91, 5.30) 2.23 (1.22, 4.07) 0.009
Medication side effect
 Mild side effect 113 124 1   
 Moderate side effect 94 39 2.64 (1.68, 4.15) 1.52 (0.9, 2.57)  
 Severe side effect 25 9 3.04 (1.36, 6.80) 1.38 (0.52, 3.63)  
Stressful events
 Absent 24 29 1   
 1 or 2 53 81 0.79 (0.41, 1.50) 0.84 (0.43, 1.66)  
  ≥ 3 155 62 3.02 (1.63, 5.59) 2.42 (1.2, 4.66) 0.008
  1. Hosmer and Lemeshow test result was P value = 0.34