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Table 3 Sociodemographic, clinical, and contextual characteristics of the study sample and sub-sample with at least one involuntary hospitalization

From: Factors associated with involuntary psychiatric hospitalization in Portugal

  Full sample (n = 3871) Respondents with ≥ 1 involuntary hospitalization (n = 604)
n % n %
Sociodemographic characteristics
Gender
 Women 1977 51.1 249 41.2
 Men 1894 48.9 355 58.8
Age
 15–29 679 17.5 112 18.5
 30–49 1802 46.5 317 52.5
 50–64 826 21.3 117 19.4
 ≥ 65 565 14.6 58 9.6
Marital status
 Single 1702 45.5 356 61.0
 Married/cohabitating 1222 32.6 113 19.3
 Divorced/separated/widowed 819 21.9 115 19.7
Education
 None or primary education 773 31.9 84 21.3
 Basic education 858 35.4 143 36.2
 Secondary education 404 16.7 77 19.5
 Higher education 390 16.1 91 23.0
Employment status
 Workers or students 1076 31.3 165 29.4
 Unemployed 915 26.6 180 32.0
 Retired or others 1445 42.1 217 38.6
Clinical characteristics
Psychiatric diagnosis
 Mood and anxiety disorders 1603 41.7 154 25.6
 Dementia 204 5.3 15 2.5
 Substance use disorders 335 8.7 45 7.5
 Psychosis 1269 33.0 338 56.1
 Other mental disorders 433 11.3 50 8.3
Suicide attempt
 Yes 610 16.4 51 8.6
 No 3117 83.6 545 91.4
Contextual characteristics
Year
 2002 1188 30.7 115 19.0
 2007 1309 33.8 226 37.4
 2012 1375 35.5 263 43.5
Psychiatric service
 Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Ocidental EPE 523 13.5 138 22.8
 Hospital de Magalhães Lemos EPE 1556 40.2 177 29.3
 Centro Hospitalar Psiquiátrico de Lisboa 991 25.6 138 22.8
 Hospital Professor Doutor Fernando Fonseca EPE 462 11.9 88 14.6
 Unidade Local de Saúde do Baixo Alentejo EPE 340 8.8 63 10.4