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Table 2. Pre-post comparisons on DASS21 and K10 + by language group—Participants retained

From: Effectiveness of a Community-based Group Mindfulness Program tailored for Arabic and Bangla-speaking Migrants

Measure Mean score Sign test for pre-post change
Variable Pre-program Post-program z 2-sided p
  M (SD) M (SD)
Arabic-speakers (N = 131)
 DASS21 subscales
  Depression 9.2 (5.5) 4.2 (4.2) − 8.48  < 0.001
  Anxiety 8.2 (5.5) 3.7 (4.1) − 7.64  < 0.001
  Stress 11.3 (5.2) 5.3 (4.1) − 9.28  < 0.001
 K10 + 
  K10 score 27 (9.6) 18.5 (7.1) − 8.94  < 0.001
  Q11. Days of inability to work due to mental health issues in past four weeks 3.9 (5.3) 1.8 (4.4) − 6.52  < 0.001
  Q12. Days of cutting down work due to mental health issues in past four weeks (apart from days in Q11) 9.2 (8.9) 4.1 (6.3) − 6.19  < 0.001
Bangla-speakers (N = 87)
 DASS21 subscales
  Depression 8.0 (5.3) 4.6 (4.0) − 5.7  < 0.001
  Anxiety 7.2 (5.9) 4.0 (4.1) − 6.32  < 0.001
  Stress 9.4 (5.2) 5.6 (4.1) − 6.96  < 0.001
 K10 + 
  K10 score 23.8 (8.1) 17.2 (5.9) − 7.11  < 0.001
  Q11. Days of inability to work due to mental health issues in past four weeks 2.4 (3.6) 0.7 (1.9) − 5.05  < 0.001
  Q12. Days of cutting down work due to mental health issues in past four weeks (apart from days in Q11) 4.8 (6.1) 2.0 (3.7) − 5.48  < 0.001