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Table 4 Distribution of clinically significant depressive and anxiety symptoms among the Iranian general population based on their presumption regarding the risk of infection

From: The mental health impact of COVID-19 outbreak: a Nationwide Survey in Iran

  Frequency Depressive symptoms (%) No depression (%) ORb (95% CI) Anxiety symptoms (%) No anxiety (%) OR (95% CI)
Are you worried about contracting the Corona virus?
 Yesa 4531 840 (64.9) 3691 (50.6) 1246 (71.9) 3285 (47.9)
 No 2553 246 (19) 2307 (31.6) 2.13 (1.84–2.48)* 276 (15.9) 2277 (33.2) 3.13 (2.72–3.60)*
 No opinion 1507 209 (16.1) 1298 (17.8) 1.41 (1.20–1.67)* 211 (12.2) 1296 (18.9) 2.33 (1.99–2.73)*
Are you anxious about your family members contracting the Corona virus?
 Yesa 7423 1189 (91.8) 6234 (85.4) 1630 (94.1) 5793 (84.5)
 No 734 63 (4.9) 671 (9.2) 2.03 (1.56–2.65)* 58 (3.3) 676 (9.9) 3.28 (2.49–4.31)*
 No opinion 434 43 (3.3) 391 (5.4) 1.73 (1.26–2.39)* 45 (2.6) 389 (5.7) 2.43 (1.78–3.33)*
Are you worried about your living place getting contaminated with the Corona virus?
 Yesa 6541 1105 (85.3) 5436 (74.5) 1547 (89.3) 4994 (72.8)
 No 1305 104 (8) 1201 (16.5) 2.35 (1.90–2.90)* 112 (6.5) 1193 (17.4) 3.30 (2.70–4.04)*
 No opinion 745 86 (6.6) 659 (9) 1.56 (1.23–1.97)* 74 (4.3) 671 (9.8) 2.81 (2.20–3.60)*
  1. aIndicate reference level
  2. bIndicator of unadjusted odds ratio based on Chi-square test
  3. *Significantly compared to the reference level