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Table 5 Prevalence of common mental disorders and suicidal ideation and behaviour among first-year university students in South Africa by first generation status and sexual orientation (n = 1402)

From: Inequality and mental healthcare utilisation among first-year university students in South Africa

 First-generation typical sexual orientation (n = 150)% (95% CI)First-generation atypical sexual orientation (n = 126)% (95% CI)Second- generation students with typical sexual orientation (n = 942)% (95% CI)Second-generation students with atypical sexual orientation (n = 185)% (95% CI)
Major depressive disorder22.2% (15.8–29.7)12.1% (7.0–19.1)11.0% (9.1–13.2)21.5% (15.8–28.1)
Generalized anxiety disorder24.6% (17.9–32.3)22.4% (15.5–30.7)18.2% (15.8–20.8)29.7% (23.2–36.8)
Bipolar spectrum disorder0.9% (0.1–4.1)1.1% (0.1–4.9)0.6% (0.2–1.3)2.7% (0.9–6.2)
Alcohol use disorder6.8% (3.3–12.1)2.7% (0.6–7.3)5.4% (4.1–7.0)7.5% (4.2–12.3)
Substance use disorder2.4% (0.6–6.3)1.9% (0.3–6.1)2.3% (1.4–3.5)8.2% (4.7–13.1)
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder32.0% (24.6–40.1)34.3% (26.1–43.3)22.7% (20.1–25.5)31.4% (24.8–38.6)
Exactly 2 disorders16.9% (11.3–23.9)13.9% (8.4–21.2)11.0% (9.1–13.2)13.9% (9.3–19.7)
Three or more disorders9.5% (5.3–15.4)6.2% (2.7–11.9)5.1% (3.8–6.7)14.3% (9.6–20.2)
Suicidal ideation without plan and without attempt14.3% (9.1–20.9)10.4% (5.7–17.1)13.8% (11.7–16.2)17.3% (12.1–23.5)
Suicidal plan without suicide attempt11.3% (6.7–17.5)12.3% (7.1–19.3)12.5% (10.5–14.8)25.7% (19.6–32.6)
Suicidal attempt3.7% (1.3–8.1)1.5% (0.2–5.5)1.9% (1.1–3.0)5.0% (2.3–9.2)