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Table 1 Characteristics of studies on depressive symptoms among HIV/AIDS patients which are incorporated in the meta-analysis according to author first name, year of publication, setting of study, design, sample size, assessment instrument, study population and magnitude of depression

From: Depressive symptoms and their determinants in patients who are on antiretroviral therapy in the case of a low-income country, Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author, year Study setting Study design Sample size Tool (cutoff point) Study population Outcome variable Depression (%) Number of cases (n)
Abadiga et al. 2019 Gimbi-southern Ethiopia CS 393 PHQ-9 Patients with HIV/AIDS Depression 41.7 164
Duko et al. 2018 Hawassa, southern Ethiopia CS 401 PHQ-9 Patients with HIV/AIDS Depression 48.6 195
Eshetu et al. 2015 Debrebirhan, Amhara Ethiopia CS 416 PHQ-9 Patients with HIV/AIDS Depression 38.9 162
Bitew et al. 2016 Debark, North-west Ethiopia CS 393 PHQ-9 Patients with HIV/AIDS Depression 37.9 149
Wondie et al. 2019 Addis-Ababa, Ethiopia CS 413 PHQ-9 Patients with HIV/AIDS Depression 31.7 131
Gebremariam et al. 2017 Addis-Ababa, Ethiopia CS 423 PHQ-9 Patients with HIV/AIDS Depression 47.2 197
Tesfaw et al. 2016 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia CS 417 HADS Patients with HIV/AIDS Depression 41.2 172
Mohammed et al. 2015 Harar, Eastern Ethiopia CS 740 PHQ-9 Patients with HIV/AIDS Depression 45.8 339
Dejenu 2015 Debremarkos, north west,Ethiopia CS 412 PHQ-9 Patients with HIV/AIDS Depression 11.7 48
Berhe and Bayray 2013 Tigray, Ethiopia CS 269 HAM-D Patients with HIV/AIDS Depression 43.9 118
Solomon and Girma 2014 Dila, SNNP CS 500 HADS Patients with HIV/AIDS Depression 11.2 56
Yeneabat et al. 2017 Fiche, oromia CS 390 CES-D Tool Patients with HIV/AIDS Depression 76.7 299
Gesbreegziabher et al. 2019 Aksum, Ethiopia CS 411 PHQ-9 Patients with HIV/AIDS Depression 14.6 60
Abebe et al. 2019 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia CS 507 BDI Patients with HIV/AIDS Depression 35.5 180
Mekuriaw et al. 2015 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia CS 664 Kessler-6 Patients with HIV/AIDS Depression 15 99
Yakob 2015 SNNP, Ethiopia CS 485 PHQ-9 Patients with HIV/AIDS Depression 15.5 75
Weldehaweria 2017 Tigray, Ethiopia Case control 340 PHQ-9 Patients with HIV/AIDS Depression 57.9 197
Alemu 2012 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia CS 1815 CES-D Patients with HIV/AIDS Depression 13.1 238
Bezabih et al. 2016 Amhara, Ethiopia Cohort 246 CES-D Patients with HIV/AIDS Depression 7.3 18
Endeshaw et al. 2014 Amhara,Ethiopia CS 55 PHQ-9 Patients with HIV/AIDS Depression 60 33
Amberbir et al. 2008 Oromia, Ethiopia CS 400 BDI Patients with HIV/AIDS Depression 55.8 223
  1. AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, BDI Beck Depression Inventory, CS cross-sectional, CES-D Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Tool, HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, HAM-D:Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, HIV Human Immune Virus, PHQ-9 Patient Health Questionnaire-9