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Table 1 Reduced list of risk and protective factors

From: Participatory model building for suicide prevention in Canada

Individual-level risk and protective factors
 Individual (personal) attributes
 Relationships and connectedness
 Stressful events and circumstances
 Resilience and coping
 Health and illness
 Substance use
 Screen time and media
 Interactions with legal system
 Access to suicide means
Family-level risk and protective factors
 Family relationships
 Family history of illness, substance use, suicide, trauma
 Family violence
Community-level risk and protective factors
 Social support and community
 Environment
 Violence
 Community-level trauma and suicide
 Mental health services
Societal risk and protective factors
 Stigma, discrimination and oppression
 Mental health infrastructure
 Structural factors (general)