Skip to main content

Table 3 Clinical diagnoses of children seeking psychiatric medical advice according to age groups (n = 886)

From: Demographic and clinical characteristics of children seeking psychiatric services in the Nile Delta region: an observational retrospective study

Diagnosis Preschoolers (n = 309, 34.8%) School age (n = 428, 48.3%) Adolescents (n = 149, 16.8%) Total (n = 886) Statistic p value
Depressive Disorders 12 (3.9%)a 61 (14.3%)b 45 (30.2%)c 118 (13.3%) x2 = 60.1 ≤ 0.001
Bipolar disorders 1 (0.3%) 2 (0.5%) 2 (1.3%) 5 (0.6%) FET 0.4
Anxiety disorders 8 (2.6%) 15 (3.5%) 1 (0.7%) 24 (2.7%) FET 0.2
Psychotic disorders 0 (0%) 3 (0.7%) 2 (1.3%) 14 (1.6%) FET 0.06
ADHD 46 (14.9%)a 129 (30.1%)b 25 (16.8%)a 200 (22.6%) x2 = 27.3 ≤ 0.001
DBD 18 (5.8%)a 52 (12.1%)b 39 (26.2%)c 109 (12.3%) x2 = 38.6 ≤ 0.001
ASD 45 (14.6%)a 7 (1.6%)b 0 (0%)b 52 (5.9%) x2 = 65.5 ≤ 0.001
Communication disorders 46 (14.9%)a 15 (3.5%)b 1 (0.7%)b 62 (7%) x2 = 46.7 ≤ 0.001
OCD spectrum 5 (1.6%) 3 (0.7%) 4 (2.7%) 12 (1.4%) FET 0.1
Somatic related disorders 1 (0.3%)a 2 (0.5%)a 4 (2.7%)c 7 (0.8%) FET 0.04
Trauma related disorders 0 (0.0%) 4 (0.9%) 2 (1.3%) 6 (0.7%) FET 0.1
Tics 4 (1.3%) 13 (3.0%) 1 (0.7%) 18 (2%) FET 0.1
Elimination disorders 21 (6.8%)a 55 (12.9%)b 12 (8.1%)a 88 (9.9%) x2 = 8.1 0.02
Intellectual disability 37 (12.0%) 60 (14.0%) 24 (16.1%) 121 (13.7%) x2 = 1.6 0.5
BIF 71 (23%)a 151 (35.3%)b 32 (21.5%)a 254 (28.7%) x2 = 17.8 ≤ 0.001
Neuropsychiatric disorders 34 (11%) 42 (9.8%) 7 (4.7%) 83 (9.4%) x2 = 4.9 0.08
  1. Differing superscripts denote significant between-group differences calculated using pair-wise Chi square tests (p-values ≤ 0.05)