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Table 2 General clinical characteristics of children seeking psychiatric medical advice according to age groups (n = 886)

From: Demographic and clinical characteristics of children seeking psychiatric services in the Nile Delta region: an observational retrospective study

Variable Preschoolers (n = 309, 34.8%) School age (n = 428, 48.3%) Adolescents (n = 149, 16.8%) Total (n = 886) Statistic p value
Family history of psychiatric illness 41 (13.5%) 75 (17.7%) 21 (14.1%) 137 (15.6%) x2 = 2.7 0.3
History of birth complications 78 (25.7%)a 67 (15.9%)b 13 (8.7%)c 158 (18.1%) x2 = 21.9 ≤ 0.001
History of delayed milestones 171 (56.4%)a 186 (44.1%)b 37 (24.8%)c 394 (45.1%) x2 = 40.6 ≤ 0.001
Birth order (5th or more) 4 (1.3%) 10 (2.3%) 3 (2%) 17 (1.9%) FET 0.6
History of abuse
 Physical punishment 51 (16.8%)a 91 (21.6%)a 31 (20.8%)a 137 (19.8%) FET ≤ 0.001
 Physical abuse 8 (2.6%)a 35 (8.3%)b 7 (4.7%)a, b 50 (5.7%)
 Sexual abuse 0 (0.0%)a 5 (1.2%)a, b 4 (2.7%)b 9 (1%)
 Need for admission 5 (1.6%)a 34 (7.9%)b 31 (20.8%)c 70 (7.9%) x2 = 50.9 ≤ 0.001
  1. Differing superscripts denote significant between-group differences calculated using pair-wise Chi square tests (p-values ≤ 0.05)