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Table 4 Significant predictors of depression, anxiety, and stress on forward binary logistic regression

From: Prevalence and predictors of depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms among patients with type II diabetes attending primary healthcare centers in the western region of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study

Independent variables p OR 95% CI
Lower Upper
Depression
 Females (reference: males) 0.000 2.690 1.620 4.465
 Age 0.000 0.950 0.925 0.977
 Comorbidities 0.026 1.936 1.082 3.464
 Duration of diabetes (years) 0.004 1.065 1.020 1.112
 Most recent HbA1c level 0.000 2.032 1.645 2.511
 Compliance with diabetes management measures 0.006 0.477 0.280 0.810
Anxiety
 Females (reference: males) 0.009 1.794 1.157 2.782
 Comorbidities 0.043 1.654 1.017 2.689
 Family history of chronic diseases 0.006 1.841 1.192 2.842
 Most recent HbA1c level 0.000 1.542 1.290 1.842
 Compliance with diabetes management measures 0.048 0.612 0.377 0.996
Stress
 Females (reference: males) 0.012 1.857 1.147 3.005
 Family history of chronic diseases 0.000 2.385 1.473 3.860
 Most recent HbA1c level 0.000 1.547 1.291 1.853
 Compliance with diabetes management measures 0.020 0.527 0.308 0.903
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, HbA1c, glycated hemoglobin