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Table 3 Factors associated with anxiety among undergraduate medical students at SPHMMC, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2016/2017

From: Prevalence and predictors of depression and anxiety among medical students in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Explanatory variables Anxiety COR, 95% (CI) AOR, 95% (CI)
Yes No
Sex
 Male 40 123 1 1
 Female 41 65 1.94 (1.14, 3.29)* 2.56 (1.32, 4.95)**
Age
 18–21 51 78 1.39 (0.56, 3.46) 0.26 (0.05, 1.22)
 22–24 52 93 0.50 (0.19, 1.31) 0.30 (0.08, 1.10)
 25 and above 8 17 1 1
Marital status
 Married 1 11 1 1
 Single 80 177 4.97 (0.63, 39.17) 3.23 (0.35, 29.63)
Source of income
 Yes 2 18 1 1
 No 79 170 0.24 (0.05, 1.06) 1.450 (0.28, 7.85)
Educational level
 1st year 29 29 4.83 (1.75, 13.39)* 12.06 (2.18, 66.72)**
 2nd year 22 30 3.54 (1.26, 9.99)* 8.99 (1.67, 48.45)**
 3rd year 10 36 1.34 (0.41, 4.13) 3.42 (0.76, 15.33)
 4th year 8 33 1.17 (0.36, 3.78) 2.07 (0.42, 10.15)
 5th year 6 31 0.94 (0.27, 3.23) 1.90 (0.41, 8.81)
 6th year 6 29 1 1
Interest toward medical education
 Yes 63 159 1 1
 No 18 29 1.57 (0.81, 3.02) 1.46 (0.76, 3.18)
Vocational period
 Short 65 124 1.573 (0.16, 15.42) 4.00 (0.33, 48.11)
 Medium 15 61 0.738 (0.07, 7.60) 2.28 (0.17, 29.86)
 Long 1 4 1 1
Impact of vocational period
 Yes 57 106 1.84 (1.05, 3.21)* 1.47 (0.73, 2.93)
 No 24 82 1 1
Diagnosed chronic illness
 Yes 6 9 1.59 (0.55, 4.63) 1.02 (0.20, 3.62)
 No 75 179 1 1
Family history of mental illness
 Yes 11 15 1.81 (0.79, 4.14) 2.55 (0.89, 7.23)
 No 70 173 1  
Social support
 Low/poor 35 43 3.77 (1.71, 8.31)* 5.36 (2.08, 13.76)**
 Medium/intermediate 35 94 1.73 (0.81, 3.69) 2.23 (0.98, 5.32)
 High/good 11 51 1 1
Stressful life events
 No 35 109 1 1
 Yes 46 79 1.81 (1.07, 3.07)* 1.26 (0.67. 2.34)
Substance use
 Yes 18 46 0.88 (0.47, 1.64) 0.85 (0.41, 1.77)
 No 63 142 1 1
  1. n = 269
  2. Diagnosed chronic illness = cardiovascular disease, liver diseases, Epilepsy, HIV/AIDS…
  3. * Significant association (p-value < 0.2 in bivariate)
  4. ** Significant association (p-value < 0.05 in multivariate analysis) Hosmer and Lemeshow test = 0.317