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Table 5 Patients’ characteristics associated with inpatient costs (baseline period)

From: Direct medical costs for patients with schizophrenia: a 4-year cohort study from health insurance claims data in Guangzhou city, Southern China

  Overall UEBMI URBMI P-value
  Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD  
No. patients n = 2971 n = 1760 n = 1211  
Baseline (2010.11.01–2011.10.31)
 Gender        < 0.001
  Female 38,472.3 23,410.4 38,225.7 24,643.4 38,890.5 21,176.9  
  Male 43,930.2 22,323.1 45,357.4 23,775.3 42,049.3 20,111.6  
 Age group        < 0.001
  18 ≤ age < 30 25,980.9 19,092.7 23,158.9 20,005.9 27,520.1 18,478.7  
  30 ≤ age < 40 31,455.8 22,309.1 28,033.2 24,000.3 34,181.0 20,517.0  
  40 ≤ age < 50 38,191.0 22,310.9 36,502.7 24,097.8 40,059.8 20,013.3  
  50 ≤ age < 60 46,378.2 22,167.3 46,652.1 23,057.3 45,724.8 19,910.5  
  ≥ 60 50,470.3 20,403.9 50,308.8 21,999.6 50,812.8 16,559.9  
 Hospital levels        < 0.001
  Primary 18,457.3 15,537.7 15,274.6 13,706.2 23,077.3 17,052.0  
  Secondary 31,244.4 17,065.9 31,131.6 17,767.6 31,394.8 16,104.8  
  Tertiary 47,463.3 23,208.1 48,245.2 24,789.2 46,280.6 20,545.9  
 Length of stay (days)        < 0.001
  Days ≤ 100 10,904.7 7104.7 11,444.1 7441.7 9885.3 6308.5  
  100 < days ≤ 300 33,705.9 14,388.3 35,683.3 15,101.7 30,357.1 12,429.8  
  > 300 days 57,246.1 12,447.2 60,045.6 13,379.9 53,745.0 10,144.6  
 Composition of inpatient costs        < 0.001
  Laboratory and diagnostic costs 5604.5 7064.7 7447.3 7778.2 2926.2 4736.8  
  Non-medication treatment costs 24,807.5 14,636.9 23,655.7 14,566.6 26,481.5 14,583.1  
  Medication costs 4552.4 3483.3 4655.6 3665.6 4402.4 3195.3  
  Bed fees 6816.5 3597.7 6616.5 3711.5 7107.2 3406.2  
  1. P-values are based on the Kruskal–Wallis test. All costs were based on a constant 2014 Chinese Yuan (CNY)
  2. UEBMI Urban Employee Basic Medical Insurance scheme, URBMI Urban Resident Basic Medical Insurance scheme, SD standard deviation