Skip to main content

Table 2 Frequencies of treatment recommendation in percentage with means and mean difference with 95% confidence intervals and level of significance for each vignette and treatment measure

From: Treatment recommendation differences for schizophrenia and major depression: a population-based study in a Vietnamese cohort

Vignette Response category Schizophrenia Depression Mean differences with CI’s T-test
Treatment measures %a Meana %b Meanb
Psychotherapy Recommend 92.0   79.4   − 0.308 (− 0.421; − 0.196) p < .001
Undecided 7.3 1.60 15.3 1.91
Unfavorable 0.8   5.3  
Concentration and relaxation exercises Recommend 67.7   68.7   − 0.018 (− 0.163; 0.127) n. s.
Undecided 21.7 2.24 19.1 2.26
Unfavorable 10.6   12.2  
Meditation or Yoga Recommend 61.0   60.0   0.024 (− 0.126; 0.174) n. s.
Undecided 25.9 2.42 27.9 2.40
Unfavorable 13.1   12.1  
Psychotropic medication Recommend 60.3   56.9   − 0.089 (− 0.264; 0.086) n. s.
Undecided 20.4 2.46 20.7 2.55
Unfavorable 19.3   22.4  
Natural medicine Recommend 17.6   18.4   − 0.049 (− 0.209; 0.111) n. s.
Undecided 44.7 3.36 41.0 3.41
Unfavorable 37.7   40.6  
ECT Recommend 27.7   18.8   − 0.273 (− 0.489; − 0.058) p < .05
Undecided 24.5 3.40 23.9 3.67
Unfavorable 47.9   57.3  
Acupuncture Recommend 15.9   16.8   − 0.036 (− 0.199; 0.127) n. s.
Undecided 40.3 3.50 35.7 3.53
Unfavorable 43.8   47.5  
Feng Shui Recommend 13.0   11.5   − 0.232 (− 0.406; − 0.057) p < .01
Undecided 28.4 3.81 29.4 4.04
Unfavorable 58.6   69.1  
Praying Recommend 13.8   7.1   − 0.333 (− 0.501; − 0.165) p < .001
Undecided 26.1 3.85 23.9 4.18
Unfavorable 60.1   69.0  
  1. Means defined by a 5-point Likert scale with anchor points from 1 = strongly recommend to 5 = never recommend
  2. aVignette schizophrenia
  3. bVignette depression