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Table 2 Mental health symptoms by various characteristics of Ethiopian victims of trafficking, 2016

From: Socio-economic, trafficking exposures and mental health symptoms of human trafficking returnees in Ethiopia: using a generalized structural equation modelling

Characteristics Number (percent)
Anxiety (n = 1369) Depression (1370) PTSD (n = 1372)
Age at departure
 14–17 41 (48.81) 50 (60.24) 12 (14.46)
 18–20 222 (53.75) 236 (57.28) 134 (32.45)
 21–25 360 (52.55) 402 (58.43) 271 (39.33)
 26–49 89 (47.59) 109 (58.29) 54 (28.88)
Sex
 Male 336 (47.39) 362 (50.84) 205 (28.79)
 Female 376 (56.97) 435 (66.11) 266 (40.30)
Residence
 Rural 481 (53.33) 518 (57.43) 333 (36.84)
 Urban 231 (49.46) 279 (59.62) 138 (29.49)
Social support
 Poor 561 (58.13) 599 (62.07) 363 (37.58)
 Medium 111 (41.57) 147 (54.85) 71 (26.39)
 Strong 40 (29.20) 51 (37.23) 37 (27.01)
Smuggled at departure
 Yes 113 (40.50) 139 (49.47) 67 (23.59)
 No 599 (54.95) 658 (60.42) 404 (37.13)
Trafficking corridor
 Metemma-Yohannes 348 (43.94) 428 (53.90) 161 (20.23)
 Moyale 89 (45.18) 10 1 (51.27) 55 (27.92)
 Galafi 265 (75.28) 254 (72.36) 247 (70.37)
 Others 10 (35.71) 14 (50.0) 8 (28.57)
Type of job at destination
 Domestic work 288 (58.06) 335 (67.68) 186 (37.42)
 Agriculture/animal farm 178 (47.09) 186 (49.34) 160 (42.55)
 Manufacture and services 118 (47.97) 135 (54.88) 74 (30.08)
 Did not start 108 (53.20) 115 (56.37) 39 (19.12)
 Others 20 (43.48) 26 (54.17) 12 (24.49)
Restricted freedom
 Yes 503 (61.04) 540 (65.53) 355 (42.93)
 No 209 (38.35) 257 (47.07) 116 (21.28)
Duration of detention (weeks)
 Not detained 230 (40.64) 290 (51.42) 117 (20.63)
  ≤ 1 70 (50.00) 83 (58.04) 31 (21.68)
 2–4 250 (68.12) 253 (68.94) 207 (56.40)
 5–12 78 (80.41) 74 (76.29) 64 (66.67)
 13–51 84 (42.21) 97 (48.74) 52 (26.13)
Violence
 Yes 522 (59.79) 560 (64.29) 356 (40.83)
 No 522 (52.01) 237 (47.49) 115 (23.00)
  1. Violence = either physical, sexual or both types of violence experienced during the trafficking period; smuggled at departure = smuggling started to pass Ethiopian border and beyond but not smuggling started in other countries
  2. For anxiety data, 18 persons had at least one missed score (n = 1369); similarly, for depression 17 persons (n = 1370), and for PTSD 15 persons had at least one missed score (n = 1372)