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Table 1 Summary of modules in the Nae Disha curriculum

From: Outcomes of a brief mental health and resilience pilot intervention for young women in an urban slum in Dehradun, North India: a quasi-experimental study

Theme Modules Sample of content
Self-identity and esteem Modules 1–3 Module 1: Welcome, group games and rules
Module 2: Self-esteem—discussions on how we are worthy and valued
Module 3: Understanding our differences—difference between sex and gender, gender roles
Identifying and managing emotions Module 4 Module 4: Managing strong emotions—use emoticon game to discuss different emotions—sharing about recent event of feeling anger—ways to manage anger and frustration
Mental health Modules 5–7 Module 5: Sharing of understanding of mental health and common mental illness. Use a spectrum to plot own mental wellbeing and discussions on a case story of risk and protective factors
Module 6: Discuss signs and symptoms of severe mental illness and ways to support those affected
Module 7: Coping with tension—coping strategies
Communication skills Modules 9,10 Module 9: Learning to communicate confidently—open sharing of passive, confident and aggressive styles of communication. Introduce and practice use of “I” messages and practice active listening skills
Module 10: Stopping bullying—recognising and responding
Relationship skills and bouncing back –forgiveness Module 8, 12 Module 8: Bouncing back—share experiences of failure and not meeting parental/peer expectations. Re-introduce six steps for problem solving
Module 12: Relationships for life
Self-care and drawing boundaries Modules 13, 14 Module 13: Saying ‘No’ to alcohol and drugs
Module 14: Protecting ourselves—open discussion about sexual abuse/harassment, legal setting and community support structures. Pairs prepare response on different scenarios and share
Planning skills and citizenship Modules 11, 15 Module 11: Collective decision and planning for a joint project—“I can create change”
Module 15: Each group develops a small collective action for change in community action