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Table 2 Socio-demographic, obstetric, and psychosocial characteristics of postpartum women in Sodo district, Ethiopia (n = 3147)

From: Postpartum depressive symptoms in the context of high social adversity and reproductive health threats: a population-based study

Characteristics of participants Frequency Percent
Age (years)
 Less than 20 107 3.4
 20–29 1754 55.7
 30–39 1217 38.7
 40 or more 69 2.2
Marital status
 Not currently married 51 1.6
 Married 3096 98.4
Residence
 Rural 2788 88.6
 Urban 359 11.4
Education attended
 No formal education 2212 70.3
 Primary education 802 25.5
 Secondary and above 133 4.2
Occupational status
 Housewife 2722 86.5
 Government or private employee 351 11.2
 No job or daily laborer 74 2.4
Religion
 Orthodox Christian 2931 93.1
 Protestant, Muslim, Catholic or other 216 6.9
Ethnicity
 Gurage 2856 90.8
 Amhara, oromo or other 291 9.2
Baby gender
 Male 1607 51.1
 Female 1540 48.9
Happy about baby gender
 Yes 2871 91.2
 No 276 8.8
Husband happy about baby gender
 Yes 2781 88.4
 No 366 11.6
Perinatal complicationa
 Yes 346 11.0
 No 2801 89.0
History of stillbirth
 Yes 162 5.1
 No 2985 94.9
History of abortion
 Yes 296 9.4
 No 2851 90.6
Parity of women
 Primipara 504 16.0
 Multipara 1393 44.3
 Grand multipara 1250 39.7
Experienced hunger in the past 1 month
 Yes 434 13.8
 No 2713 86.2
Relative wealth
 Less 800 25.4
 Same 2083 66.2
 Better 264 8.4
Level of social support
 Poor support 569 18.1
 Intermediate support 1565 49.7
 Strong support 1013 32.2
Stressful event in the past 6 months
 No 1621 51.5
 1 stressful event 715 22.7
 2 or more stressful events 811 25.8
Husband drinks too much alcohol
 No 2450 77.9
 Yes 697 22.1
Marital relationship
 Poor 291 9.2
 Good 2856 90.8
Problem drinking (≥ 3 on the FAST)
 No 3121 99.2
 Yes 26 0.8
  1. FAST Fast Alcohol Screening Test
  2. aBleeding in pregnancy or post-partum period, prolonged labour or high blood pressure