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Table 1 Prevalence of postpartum depression in community-based studies from sub-Saharan Africa

From: Postpartum depressive symptoms in the context of high social adversity and reproductive health threats: a population-based study

Author, year Country Sample Prevalence (%) Measurement Setting
Tsai et al. [76], (2016) South Africa 1238 39.5 EPDS ≥ 13 Urban
Stellenberg et al. [6], (2015) South Africa 159 50.3 EPDS ≥ 13 Rural
Hung et al. [77], (2014); Dewing et al. [68], (2013) South Africa 249 31.7 EPDS ≥ 13 Urban
Cooper et al. [78], (1991) South Africa 184 34.7 DSM-IV Peri-urban
Ramchandani et al. [79], (2009) South Africa 1035 16.0 PDQ ≥ 20 Urban
Tomlinson et al. [80], (2004) South Africa 147 35.0 DSM-IV Urban
Tefera et al. [4], (2015) Ethiopia 340 31.5 SRQ ≥ 6 Urban
Baumgartner et al. [5], (2014) Ethiopia 1319 32.8 SRQ ≥ 5 Rural and urban
Hanlon et al. [81], (2008) Ethiopia 954 4.6 SRQ ≥ 6 Rural
Harpham et al. [82], (2005) Ethiopia 1772 33 SRQ ≥ 6 Rural
Weobong et al. [7], (2015) Ghana 13,360 3.8 PHQ ≥ 5 Rural
  1. DSM-IV  Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of mental disorders fourth edition, EPDS Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, PDQ Pitt Depression Questionnaire, PHQ Patient Health Questionnaire, SCID Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders, SRQ Self-Reporting Questionnaire