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Table 2 Comparison of factors between patients who utilized rehabilitation services and those who did not

From: Utilization of psychiatric rehabilitation services and influencing factors among people with psychotic disorders in rural communities of Guangxi, China

  Utilization of services, N (%) P-value
No
N = 352 (83%)
Yes
N = 72 (17%)
Gender 0.820
 Male 212 (82.5) 45 (17.5)  
 Female 140 (83.8) 27 (16.2)  
Ethnicity 0.637
 Zhuang 257 (83.7) 50 (16.3)  
 Han and others 95 (81.2) 22 (18.8)  
Age group (years) 0.801
 < 30 73 (80.2) 18 (19.8)  
 30–39 104 (83.9) 20 (16.1)  
 40–49 93 (82.3) 20 (17.7)  
 ≥ 50 82 (85.4) 14 (14.6)  
Education level 0.048
 Illiterate 63 (94.03) 4 (5.97)  
 Elementary school 129 (79.1) 34 (20.2)  
 Junior high school 133 (83.1) 27 (16.9)  
 High school or higher 27 (79.4) 7 (20.6)  
Marital status 0.562
 Unmarried 171 (81.4) 39 (18.6)  
 Married 157 (84.0) 30 (16.0)  
 Divorced or widowed 24 (88.9) 3 (11.1)  
Occupation 0.358
 Unemployed 110 (86.6) 17 (13.4)  
 Farmer 218 (81.0) 51 (19.0)  
 Others 24 (85.7) 4 (14.3)  
Annual family income level (US dollars) 0.536
 High (> 1802) 155 (81.6) 35 (18.4)  
 Middle (981–1802) 60 (81.1) 14 (18.9)  
 Low (< 981) 137 (85.6) 23 (14.4)  
Cause of disease 0.005
 Organic psychoses 49 (98.0) 1 (2.0)  
 Other non-organic severe mental disorders 303 (81.0) 71 (19.0)  
Disease duration (years) 0.083
 < 10 128 (81.0) 30 (19.0)  
 10–19 104 (79.4) 27 (20.6)  
 ≥ 20 120 (88.9) 15 (11.1)  
Caregiver 0.037
 Yes 290 (82.4) 62 (17.6)  
 No 67 (93.1) 5 (6.9)  
Caregiver’s gender 0.264
 Male 171 (87.7) 24 (12.3)  
 Female 105 (84.7) 19 (15.3)  
PANSS score, median (IQR)
 Positive scale 13 (7–22) 9 (7–18) 0.024
 Negative scale 17 (10–25) 13 (10–19) 0.016
 General psychopathology 27 (20–37) 23 (19–28) 0.003
  1. PANSS positive and negative syndrome scale, SD standard deviation, IQR interquartile range
  2. Schizophrenia and other non-organic mental disorders