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Table 2 Perceived helpfulness of interventions for PTSD vignette ‘Miriam’ (n = 110)

From: Mental health literacy of school nurses in the United Arab Emirates

Treatments and activities Helpful (%) Harmful (%) Neither (%) Most helpfula (%)
Treatment
 Psychotherapy focusing on changing thoughts and behaviors (cognitive behavior therapy) 63.8 1.9 34.3 34.0
 Psychotherapy focusing on causes that stem from the past 55.3 8.7 35.9 17.0
 Reading the Koran or Bible 85.2 3.7 11.1 15.0
 Just talking about the problem (e.g. to a family member or close friend) 62.0 9.3 28.7 8.0
 Getting out and about more/finding some new hobbies 71.8 1.0 27.2 7.0
 Getting information about the problem and available services 84.3 5.6 10.2 4.0
 Improving diet and/or getting more exercise 54.2 2.8 43.0 3.0
 Trying to deal with the problem on her own 31.1 32.1 36.8 3.0
 Admission to a psychiatric hospital 26.0 24.0 50.0 3.0
 Relaxation (e.g. having a massage) 72.6 1.9 25.5 2.0
 Psychotherapy focusing on relationships with others 64.8 1.9 33.3 2.0
 Hypnosis 26.7 8.9 64.4 2.0
 Have a prayer session or reading with a religious leader 61.0 1.0 38.1 0.0
 Reading a self-help book 54.7 1.9 43.4 0.0
 Traditional therapies (e.g. herbs, honey, black cumin seed, olive oil, dates, cupping—Hijama) 15.7 4.6 79.6 0.0
 Drinking alcohol to relax 2.8 77.4 19.8 0.0
Medicine type
 Anti-depressant medication (e.g. prozac) 56.4 10.9 32.7 53.1
 Medication to help you relax (e.g. xanax, valium) 57.7 8.7 33.7 38.8
 Vitamins and minerals (e.g. vitamin C) 51.5 3.0 45.5 8.2
Person/service
 Psychologist 83.0 0.0 17.0 29.9
 Psychiatrist 75.5 2.9 21.6 29.9
 Family member 80.8 1.9 17.3 16.5
 Close female friend 63.1 1.0 35.9 7.2
 Religious person or priest 67.3 2.0 30.6 5.2
 Community mental health worker/team (e.g. social worker, mental health nurse) 66.0 3.9 30.1 4.1
 Homeland social group/club 55.0 8.0 37.0 3.1
 Family or local doctor 65.7 3.9 30.4 2.1
 Telephone counselling 28.7 4.0 67.3 1.0
 Close male friend 11.9 19.8 68.3 1.0
 Community religious organization 36.0 5.0 59.0 0.0
  1. aPercentage of sample rating the specific intervention item as ‘the most helpful’ for treating problem described in vignette (only one choice per category for each participant)