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Table 2 Descriptive statistics for the 20-item RKI (N = 299)

From: The property of the Japanese version of the Recovery Knowledge Inventory (RKI) among mental health service providers: a cross sectional study

No. Items Mean SD Min Max
1 The concept of recovery is equally relevant to all phases of treatment 2.93 .95 1 5
2 People receiving psychiatric/substance abuse treatment are unlikely to be able to decide their own treatment and rehabilitation goals 3.98 .77 2 5
3 All professionals should encourage clients to take risks in the pursuit of recovery 2.74 .84 1 5
4 Symptom management is the first step towards recovery from mental illness/substance abuse 2.31 .79 1 4
5 Not everyone is capable of actively participating in the recovery process 2.44 .88 1 5
6 People with mental illness/substance abuse should not be burdened with the responsibilities of everyday life 3.86 .73 2 5
7 Recovery in serious mental illness/substance abuse is achieved by following a prescribed set of procedures 3.55 .77 1 5
8 The pursuit of hobbies and leisure activities is important for recovery 4.16 .57 3 5
9 It is the responsibility of professionals to protect their clients against possible failures and disappointments 3.36 .95 1 5
10 Only people who are clinically stable should be involved in making decisions about their care 3.91 .78 2 5
11 Recovery is not as relevant for those who are actively psychotic or abusing substances 3.61 .90 1 5
12 Defining who one is, apart from his/her illness/condition, is an essential component of recovery 3.90 .75 1 5
13 It is often harmful to have too high of expectations for clients 2.32 .77 1 5
14 There is little that professionals can do to help a person recover if he/she is not ready to accept his/her illness/condition or need for treatment 3.67 .76 1 5
15 Recovery is characterized by a person making gradual steps forward without major steps back 3.49 .85 1 5
16 Symptom reduction is an essential component of recovery 2.65 .78 1 5
17 Expectations and hope for recovery should be adjusted according to the severity of a person’s illness/condition 2.47 .83 1 5
18 The idea of recovery is most relevant for those people who have completed, or are close to completing, active treatment 3.40 .77 1 5
19 The more a person complies with treatment, the more likely he/she is to recover 3.40 .77 2 5
20 Other people who have a serious mental illness or are recovering from substance abuse can be as instrumental to a person’s recovery as mental health professionals 3.96 .68 2 5
  1. The following fifteen item scores were reversed before computing the statistics: No. 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, and 19