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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of patients admitted into snakebite wards, General Hospital Kaltungo, 2016 (n = 187)

From: Predictors of depression among patients receiving treatment for snakebite in General Hospital, Kaltungo, Gombe State, Nigeria: August 2015

Socio-demographic variables Frequency Proportion (%)
Age (years)
 <20 17 9.1
 20–49 136 72.7
 >49 34 18.2
Gender
 Male 154 82.4
 Female 33 17.6
Education
 Formal 78 41.7
 No formal education 109 58.3
Occupation
 Farming 101 54.0
 Cattle rearing 49 26.2
 Student 12 6.4
 Others 25 13.4
Average monthly income (dollars)
 Rich (>150) 48 25.7
 Average (70–150) 45 24.1
 Poor (40–69) 49 26.2
 Very poor (<40) 45 24.1
Distance to health facility (Km)
 <50 21 11.2
 50–99 32 17.1
 100–149 38 20.3
 150–199 60 32.1
 >200 36 19.3
Time taken to reach health facility (h)
 <4 54 28.9
 4–8 44 23.5
 >8 89 47.6
Previous history of snake bite
 Yes 35 18.7
 No 152 81.3
Site of snakebite
 Leg 113 60.4
 Hand 70 37.4
 Others 4 2.2
Snake type
 Carpet Viper 164 87.7
 Puff adder 5 2.7
 Cobra 4 2.1
 Not seen 14 7.5
Where was patient when bitten by snake
 At home 24 12.8
 At the farm 128 68.4
 At the stream 4 2.1
 Bush path 31 16.6
Classification of depression
 Mild 25 13.4
 Moderate 14 7.5
 Severe 8 4.3
 No depression 140 74.9
Treatment cost
 >14,400 46 24.6
 <14,400 141 75.4
Any snakebite complication
 Yes 25 13.4
 No 162 86.6