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Table 1 Indicators of development of the six Emerald study countries

From: Health systems context(s) for integrating mental health into primary health care in six Emerald countries: a situation analysis

  Ethiopia India Nepal Nigeria Uganda South Africa
Population density 94.1 million 1.3 billion people 28.4 million 180,000,000 34.6 million Population: 55 million
Government system Federal Democratic Republic Exists Democratic governance Multiparty democracy Democracy, with a Federation system Democracy with a decentralized system at local government level  
GDP 61.54 billion current usd $2.25 trillion nominal; 2016  60.4 billion dollars 415.08 billion US dollars $26.369 billion current usd (http://data.worldbankorg/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD?locations=UG) Constitutional democracy with a three-tier system of government and an independent judiciary
HDI 0.442  0.609 0.548 0.504 0.483 312.8 billion USD
MH Law None Present, MH Care Bill 2013 Drafted but not yet endorsed Draft undergoing legislative review Yes, 1964 Mental Health Care Act (No. 17 of 2002)
MH policy and plan Integrated into health plan specific National Mental Health Strategy MH policy 2014, MH plan 365 2014 Mental health policy 1996. There is no mental health plan. Revised policy 2013; plan under preparation. No, standalone (2012) National Mental Health Policy Framework and Strategic Plan 2013–2020
MH Budget (USD) Not available Not available Not available No explicit MH budget Not available There is no specific budget for mental health at national or provincial level. Mental health services are funded out of general health budgets
Percentage of MH budget compared to Health budget 0.9 0.06% 0.17% 3.3% 0.9 Annually, 4% of the health care budget is spent on mental health
Number of psychiatrists (/100,000 population) 0.05 0.07 0.13 0.1 0.09 0.28
Number of psychiatric nurse (/100,000 population) 0.58 0.12 0.27 0.7   10.08
Number of doctors (/100,000 population) 0.022/1000 36/100,000 population (allopathic doctors) 4.9
0.21/1000
0.4/1000 0.117 (per 1000) 0.45
Number of nurses (/100,000 population) Not available 1010/100,000 Not available 1.6 Not available 807 nurses to 1 patient (data not available per 100,000 population)
Number of mental hospital 1 43 1 8 1 23 public mental hospitals
Number of psychiatric department in General Hospital 11 10,000 17 28 14 41 psychiatric inpatient units
Number of General Hospital 311 Not available 825 155 700
Number of psychiatric beds/100,000 population 0.6 1.46 1. 1.3 2.77 18.0