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Table 2 Rates of endorsement for causal factors, by refugee group

From: Causes of and risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder: the beliefs of Iraqi and Afghan refugees resettled in Australia

Causal factors Afghan refugees (N = 150) Iraqi refugees (N = 225)
Very likely or likely (%) Not likely (%) Undecided, depends or don’t know (%) Missing (%) Most likely (one choice allowed)a (%) Very likely or likely (%) Not likely (%) Undecided, depends or don’t know (%) Missing (%) Most likely (one choice allowed)a (%)
Biological domain
 Having a parent(s) with psychological problems 78.6 2.7 18.7 0.0 0.7 57.8 38.2 0.0 4.0 5.9
 Poor physical health 68.6 6.7 24.7 0.0 0.7 45.8 49.3 0.0 4.9 2.3
 Problem is genetic 47.3 9.3 43.3 0.0 0.0 35.1 60.9 0.0 4.0 1.4
External higher power domain
 Punishment from God 30.0 36.0 34.0 0.0 0.7 30.2 66.2 0.0 3.6 2.3
 Problem is destiny 41.3 30.0 28.7 0.0 0.0 49.8 47.1 0.0 3.1 4.5
Psychological problem domain
 Having a bad childhood 90.7 0.7 8.7 0.0 6.7 72.9 24.4 0.0 2.7 4.1
 Having weak character 63.3 10.7 26.0 0.0 3.3 50.7 44.9 0.0 4.4 5.0
Social/environmental adversity domain
 Coming from war torn country 95.3 0.0 4.0 0.7 31.3 81.8 16.4 0.0 1.8 16.4
 Moving to a new country 91.3 3.3 5.3 0.0 15.3 56.4 38.2 0.0 5.3 2.7
 Family problems 96.0 0.7 3.3 0.0 20.7 64.4 32.4 0.0 3.1 0.5
 Experiencing a traumatic event 97.3 0.0 2.7 0.0 20.7 86.7 12.9 0.0 0.4 54.1
  1. aMay not add up due to missing data