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Table 3 Odds ratio of social capital and social network for infant abuse (N = 1277)

From: Neighborhood social capital and infant physical abuse: a population-based study in Japan

  Infant abuse Crude Model 1 Model 2
N % OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI
Social capital
 Low 12 17.4 Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Middle-low 42 9.2 0.48 0.24–0.97 0.49 0.24–0.99 0.54 0.261.11
 Middle-high 58 8.5 0.44 0.23–0.87 0.46 0.23–0.92 0.56 0.271.15
 High 3 4.1 0.20 0.05–0.75 0.20 0.05–0.76 0.25 0.06–0.97
 p for trend    0.020   0.030   0.127  
Social network
 No 27 14.3 Reference   Reference   Reference  
 Yes 88 8.1 0.53 0.33–0.84 0.53 0.33–0.86 0.59 0.36–0.99
  1. Italics signifies p < 0.05
  2. Model 1 adjusted for marital status, co-habitants, annual household income, infant’s sex, birth order, and low birth weight
  3. Model 2 model 1 plus social capital and social network