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Table 3 Comparison between 122 patients who did not and 327 patients who did receive community care coordination support

From: Association between length of hospital stay and implementation of discharge planning in acute psychiatric inpatients in Japan

Patient characteristic, mean (SD) or n (%) Community care coordination support
No (n = 122) Yes (n = 327) Test statistic p value
Age at admission, year 41.5 (17.1) 46.2 (17.3) t (218.82) = 2.55* 0.011
Sex, male 52 (42.6) 154 (47.1) χ 2 (1) = 0.72 0.398
Education level    χ 2 (4) = 2.96 0.564
 Junior high school 27 (22.1) 92 (28.1)   
 High school 123 (37.6) 52 (42.6)   
 Vocational school, college 11 (9.0) 38 (11.6)   
 University 20 (16.4) 49 (15.0)   
 Unidentified 25 (7.7) 12 (9.8)   
Working status before the admission    χ 2 (2) = 4.58 0.101
 Engaged in work 46 (37.7) 151 (46.2)   
 Not engaged in work 68 (55.7) 166 (50.8)   
 Unidentified 8 (6.6) 10 (3.1)   
Primary diagnosis    χ 2 (2) = 0.14 0.932
 Schizophrenic 56 (45.9) 147 (45.0)   
 Affective 32 (26.2) 83 (25.4)   
 Other 34 (27.9) 97 (29.7)   
Compulsory admission 97 (79.5) 250 (76.5) χ 2 (1) = 0.47 0.492
Total number of psychiatric admissions 3.0 (4.2) 3.1 (4.3) t (218.90) = 0.20 0.841
Physical comorbidity 25 (20.5) 78 (23.9) χ 2 (1) = 0.57 0.451
Length of stay, day 33.2 (46.2) 54.9 (51.4) t (239.65) = 4.30* <0.001
Social functioning at discharge (1–10) 6.4 (1.8) 6.7 (1.6) t (200.86) = 1.79 0.075
Current place of residence    χ 2 (5) = 9.00 0.109
 Lives alone at own home 14 (11.5) 55 (16.8)   
 Cohabitation with family 84 (68.9) 222 (67.9)   
 Residential care facility 6 (4.9) 20 (6.1)   
 Readmitted to hospital from home 6 (4.9) 14 (4.3)   
 Dead shortly after discharge 2 (1.6) 0 (0.0)   
 Place of residence unidentified 10 (8.2) 16 (4.9)   
Follow-up outpatient service after discharge    χ 2 (2) = 17.61* <0.001
 Followed by outpatient service of the hospital 75 (61.5) 234 (71.6)   
 Followed by outpatient service of other hospital 35 (28.7) 88 (26.9)   
 No follow-up/unidentified 12 (9.8) 5 (1.5)   
  1. * Significant at p < 0.05.