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Table 2 Levels of general psychological distress, as measured by the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K-10) and symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, as measured by the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ), among study participants (N = 225) as a function of education

From: Psychological trauma and help seeking behaviour amongst resettled Iraqi refugees in attending English tuition classes in Australia

  K-10 HTQ
  N i Mean (SD) High distress ii (%) Mean (SD) Probable PTSD iii (%)
Years of education:      
6 or less 36 30.63(12.13) 62.2 2.35(0.76) 47.5
7-11 75 25.64(10.64) 41.3 1.91(0.77) 26.9
12-15 72 23.71(9.57) 28.2 1.94(0.69) 24.0
16 or more 29 23.97(10.06) 31.0 2.14(0.62) 34.5
  1. iDoes not equal to 225 due to missing data.
  2. iiK-10 ≥ 30.0.
  3. iiiHTQ ≥ 2.5.