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Table 2 Associations of demographic characteristics, socio-economic position and psychiatric characteristics with HIV status, in 602 men and women with severe mental illness consecutively discharged from psychiatric admission wards in Butabika hospital, Uganda

From: HIV prevalence in persons with severe mental illness in Uganda: a cross-sectional hospital-based study

  Proportion HIV-infected (%) OR (95% CI) aOR1 (95% CI)
Demographic characteristics
Sex
 Male 19/259 (7.3) 1 1
 Female 49/343 (14.3) 2.11 (1.21-3.67)** 2.10 (1.20-3.67)*
Age
 18-29 24/272 (8.8) 1 1
 30-39 20/198 (10.1) 1.16 (0.62-2.17) 1.15 (0.62-2.16)
 40-49 24/129 (18.6) 2.36 (1.28-4.35)** 2.34 (1.27-4.32)**
Place of residence
 Urban 12/125 (9.6) 1 1
 Semi-urban 22/179 (12.3) 1.32 (0.63-2.78) 1.31 (0.61-2.80)
 Rural 33/291 (11.3) 1.20 (0.60-2.42) 1.06 (0.52-2.16)
Marital status
 Never married 24/302 (7.9) 1 1
 Ever married 43/299 (14.4) 1.95 (1.15-3.30)* 1.60 (0.92-2.79)
Socioeconomic position
Income
 No income 36/332 (10.8) 1 1
 Any income 30/265 (11.3) 1.05 (0.63-1.76) 1.04 (0.62-1.77)
Education
 None to primary 7 41/330 (12.4) 1 1
 Secondary 1 or higher 26/270 (9.6) 0.75 (0.45-1.26) 0.86 (0.51-1.47)
Occupation
 Unemployed 27/239 (11.3) 1 1
 Any employment 37/353 (10.5) 0.92 (0.54-1.56) 1.02 (0.58-1.81)
Psychiatric characteristics
Psychiatric diagnosis
 Bipolar affective disorder 37/337 (11.0) 1 1
 Non-affective psychosis 26/224 (11.6) 1.07 (0.63-1.81) 1.06 (0.61-1.82)
 Depression 5/39 (12.8) 1.19 (0.44-3.24) 0.99 (0.36-2.74)
Psychiatric history
 Previously admitted 43/406 (10.6) 1 1
 Not previously admitted 25/196 (12.8) 1.23 (0.73-2.09) 1.28 (0.74-2.21)
  1. Odds ratios have been obtained using logistic regression analysis.
  2. 1Adjusted for confounding by sex and age.
  3. * p < 0.05, **p < 0.01.