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Table 2 Respondents' views on the aetiology of mental illness, by sex and age

From: Public perception of mental health in Iraq

   All Male
(N = 232)
Female
(N = 183)
< 31
(N = 165)
31-50
(N = 205)
51+
(N = 48)
Mental Illness is caused by:
Genetic inheritance Agree 27.82 25.54 31.15 31.10 23.90 33.33
  Agree Somewhat 23.50 24.24 22.04 21.34 22.93 33.33
  Neutral 11.27 13.85 7.65 9.76 14.15 4.17
  Disagree somewhat 9.35 12.55 5.46 7.32 10.24 12.50
  Disagree 28.06 23.81 33.33 30.49 28.78 16.67
Substance Abuse Agree 19.23 19.48 18.68 15.85 18.63 33.33
  Agree Somewhat 27.16 29.87 23.63 28.05 29.41 14.58
  Neutral 10.34 9.52 10.99 10.37 10.29 10.42
  Disagree somewhat 10.58 9.96 11.54 9.76 12.25 6.25
  Disagree 32.69 31.17 35.16 35.98 29.41 35.42
Bad Things happening to the person Agree 42.48 40.61 45.56 45.96 39.22 44.68
  Agree Somewhat 24.76 24.89 25.00 27.33 23.53 21.28
  Neutral 17.48 19.65 13.89 10.56 23.04 17.02
  Disagree somewhat 7.52 7.42 7.22 6.83 7.84 8.51
  Disagree 7.77 7.42 8.33 9.32 6.37 8.51
Brain disease Agree 35.59 37.12 33.15 32.92 34.31 50.00
  Agree Somewhat 25.91 29.69 21.55 27.95 25.98 18.75
  Neutral 8.96 10.04 7.18 11.18 6.86 10.42
  Disagree somewhat 6.30 6.11 6.63 6.21 7.84 0
  Disagree 23.24 17.03 31.49 21.74 25.00 20.83
Personal Weakness Agree 38.13 39.83 36.61 36.59 37.56 45.83
  Agree Somewhat 21.10 23.38 18.58 26.83 16.59 20.83
  Neutral 14.63 14.72 14.21 10.98 18.05 12.50
  Disagree somewhat 10.07 8.66 11.48 8.54 11.71 8.33
  Disagree 16.07 13.42 19.13 17.07 16.10 12.50
God's Punishment Agree 16.79 18.06 14.92 13.50 16.92 27.66
  Agree Somewhat 13.38 14.54 12.15 14.72 12.44 12.77
  Neutral 11.68 11.01 11.60 10.43 12.94 10.64
  Disagree somewhat 15.33 18.62 12.71 14.72 17.41 8.51
  Disagree 42.82 38.77 48.62 46.63 40.30 40.43