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Table 3 Prevalence of different types of traumatic exposur

From: Rehabilitation of torture survivors in five countries: common themes and challenges

Traumatic event Number reporting event % of total sample Group with significant higher exposure
Torture 175 67 Men**
Being close to death 140 54 Men**
Forced separation from family 125 48 Women* & Exiles**
Serious injury 117 45 Men**
Ill-health without access to care 117 45 Men** & Exiles**
Imprisonment 110 42 Men** & Citizens*
Lack of food and water 99 38 Exiles **
Murder of family or friend 89 34 Exiles **
Unnatural death of family/friend 86 33 Exiles **
Lack of shelter 86 33 Exiles **
Forced isolation from others 82 32 Exiles **
Lost or kidnapped 63 24 Exiles **
Murder of stranger(s) 52 20 Exiles **
Combat 49 19 Men**
Rape or sexual abuse 46 18 Women** & Exiles**
Brainwashing 22 8  
  1. p < 0.05 *, p < 0.01 **