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Table 3 Association of demographic data with PHQ score

From: Psychiatric morbidity among adult patients in a semi-urban primary care setting in Malaysia

   Respondents (n = 263)
Demographic Data   PHQ positive PHQ negative P
   (% of total respondents) (% of total respondents)  
Age 18 ~ 29 years 25 (9.5) 72 (27.5)  
  30 ~ 39 years 17 (6.5) 74 (28.1) 0.036
  40 ~ 49 years 20 (7.6) 31 (11.8)  
  50 ~ 59 years 1 (0.4) 14 (5.3)  
  60 ~ 70 years 2 (0.8) 7 (2.7)  
Sex Female 47 (17.9) 141 (53.6) 0.865
  Male 18 (6.8) 57 (21.7)  
Race/Ethnic Malay 47 (17.9) 152 (53.6)  
  Chinese 5 (1.9) 24 (9.1) 0.230
  Indian 11 (4.2) 20 (7.6)  
  Others 2 (0.8) 2 (0.8)  
Education Level None/Primary 8 (3.0) 19 (7.2) 0.822
  Secondary 41 (15.6) 129 (49.0)  
  College/Tertiary 16 (6.1) 50 (19.0)  
Marital Status Single 7 (2.7) 18 (7.2) 0.472
  Married 56 (21.3) 188 (67.3)  
  Widow/Divorced 2 (0.8) 2 (0.8)  
Occupation Professional, tech. & rel. work 18 (6.8) 60 (22.8)  
  Clerical & Sales 16 (6.1) 53 (20.2) 0.574
  Production workers & labourers 12 (4.6) 23 (8.7)  
  Economically inactive 19 (7.2) 62 (23.6)  
Income Group ≤ RM1, 000 8 (3.0) 31 (11.8)  
  RM1, 001 ~ RM1, 999 33 (12.5) 88 (33.5) 0.740
  RM2, 000 ~ RM2, 999 12 (4.6) 45 (17.1)  
  ≥ RM3, 000 12 (4.6) 34 (12.9)  
  1. Note: total % exceeds 24.7% because some patients have more than one diagnosis.