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Table 2 Summary of data collection methods

From: Using participatory action research to pilot a model of service user and caregiver involvement in mental health system strengthening in Ethiopian primary healthcare: a case study

Methods of data collection


Process documentation

• Workshop (n = 3) participant attendances and PAR sessions(n = 11)

• Workshop minutes(n = 3) and audio-recordings(n = 11)

• Summary of prioritization exercise outputs, review of flipchart notes, and photographs

• Facilitator reflection notes

Participatory observation

• Participatory observation of workshops (n = 3) and PAR sessions (n = 11). Data collection focused on: interaction between participants/group dynamics, role of participants, agenda items discussed

In-depth interviews

• Conducted face-to-face interview with 12 members of RPG to explore experiences of involvement in the PAR process using a topic guide (Additional file 1)

• Participants were fully informed about the study and gave informed written consent (finger print if non-literate)

• All interviews were conducted by a single interviewer (female) with a master’s degree, who had not been engaged in the research process

• All interviews were audio-recorded

• Interviews lasted between 23 and 49 min (with an average of 32 min)