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Table 4 Themes on the perceived appropriate treatment pathways and frequency of mention

From: Perceived causes of mental illness and views on appropriate care pathways among Indonesians

Modern medical and health science
‘Institutionalisation in a psychiatric hospital’ (n = 18)
Female Male 18–29 30–44 45–60 Above 60
11 7 9 5 2 2
61.10% 38.90% 50.00% 27.80% 11.10% 11.10%
‘Seeking help from a psychiatrist’ (n = 7)
Female Male 18–29 30–44 45–60 Above 60
5 2 1 3 2 1
71.40% 28.60% 14.30% 42.90% 28.60% 14.30%
‘Seeking help from a psychologist’ (n = 12)
Female Male 18–29 30–44 45–60 Above 60
8 4 6 1 3 2
66.70% 33.30% 50.00% 8.30% 25.00% 16.70%
‘Seeking help from a primary care doctor’ (n = 14)
Female Male 18–29 30–44 45–60 Above 60
11 3 4 1 9 0
78.60% 21.40% 28.60% 7.10% 64.30%  
Activities or social support
‘Family support’ (n = 7)
Female Male 18–29 30–44 45–60 Above 60
6 1 3 2 2 0
85.70% 14.30% 42.90% 28.60% 28.60%  
‘Social support outside the family’ (n = 9)
Female Male 18–29 30–44 45–60 Above 60
5 4 1 3 4 1
55.60% 44.40% 11.10% 33.30% 44.40% 11.10%
‘Relaxing activity’ (n = 5)
Female Male 18–29 30–44 45–60 Above 60
3 2 2 1 0 2
60% 40% 40% 20%   40%
Religious or spiritual intervention
‘To pray more’ (n = 10)
Female Male 18–29 30–44 45–60 Above 60
7 3 1 3 4 2
70% 30% 10% 30% 40% 20%
‘Seeking help from an Islamic teacher’ (n = 8)
Female Male 18–29 30–44 45–60 Above 60
4 4 3 2 3 0
50% 50% 38% 25% 38%  
‘Seeking help from a shaman’ (n = 5)
Female Male 18–29 30–44 45–60 Above 60
4 1 1 2 2 0
80% 20% 20% 40% 40%  
Others
Pasung’ (n = 1)
Female Male 18–29 30–44 45–60 Above 60
0 1 0 0 1 0
  100%    100%