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Table 2 Health services utilization across two arms at baseline and during past 6-months (N = 540)

From: Effectiveness of a technology-assisted, family volunteers delivered, brief, multicomponent parents’ skills training intervention for children with developmental disorders in rural Pakistan: a cluster randomized controlled trial

  Group Baseline 6-months post-intervention
n (%) Mean number of visits (SD) Mean duration in minutes (SD) n (%) Mean number of visits (SD) Mean duration in minutes (SD)
Education services
 Main stream school ETAU arm 65 5.88 (0.57) 5.85 (0.66) 81 5.90 (0.30) 5.89 (0.89)
Intervention arm 54 5.85 (0.40) 5.72 (0.71) 79 5.87 (0.43) 5.77 (1.04)
Outpatient services
 Traditional healer ETAU arm 2 3.00 (1.41) 7.50 (3.53) 9 2.44 (1.59) 16.67 (11.45)
Intervention arm 2 2.00 (0) 7.50 (3.53) 9 4.56 (6.63) 12.78 (7.12)
 Mental health professional ETAU arm 0 0 0 0 0 0
Intervention arm 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Medical doctor ETAU arm 5 16.60 (13.53) 28 (4.47) 7 54 (78.4) 60.71 (43.05)
Intervention arm 10 11.90 (16.42) 42 (31.46) 7 2.57 (1.71) 62.14 (53.68)
 Community health worker ETAU arm 13 3.38 (3.66) 10.38 (8.47) 33 2.82 (2.28) 10.09 (7.32)
Intervention arm 10 5.40 (5.48) 15.50 (11.41) 13 4.85 (6.65) 9.54 (5.72)
 Any others services ETAU arm 5 3.40 (1.94) 11.00 (11.93) 0 0 0
Intervention arm 5 5.80 (4.49) 11.00 (4.18) 0 0 0
Religious help and retreats ETAU arm ETAU arm 4.04 (15.52) a 89 5.51 (5.92) 0
Intervention arm Intervention arm 6.07 (18.50) a 69 6.53 (7.94) 0
  1. ETAU enhanced treatment-as-usual
  2. aData was missing