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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with chronic heart failure

From: The prevalence of depression, stress and anxiety symptoms in patients with chronic heart failure

Depression
Variable Total
(n = 103)
No
(n = 49)
Yes
(n = 54)
p-value
Age, years 53 (38–61) 54 (38–62) 53 (38–61) 0.982
Females, n (%) 64 (62.1) 27 (55.1) 37 (68.5) 0.161
Ethnicity, n (%)     0.923
Black 74 (71.8) 37 (75.5) 37 (68.5)  
White 12 (11.6) 5 (10.2) 7 (12.9)  
Indian 11(10.7) 4 (8.2) 7 (12.9)  
Mixed Ancestry 4 (3.9) 2 (4.1) 2 (3.7)  
Other 2 (1.9) 1 (2.0) 1 (1.9)  
Employment status, n (%)     0.021
Unemployed 70 (67.9) 27 (55.1) 43 (79.6)  
Part-time 9 (8.7) 5 (10.2) 4 (7.4)  
Permanent 24 (23.3) 17 (34.7) 7 (12.9)  
Vital signs     
Systolic BP 124 (110–137) 124 (110–140) 123 (109–134) 0.498
Diastolic BP 73 (66–85) 73 (69–85) 75 (66–84) 0.871
MAP (mmHg) 92.1 (13.9) 92.8 (12.7) 91.5 (15.1) 0.643
Pulse (bpm) 72 (64–79) 71 (64–78) 72 (63–79) 0.731
MLHFQ score 16 (0–40) 5 (0–17) 28 (10–54) 0.000
BMI (kg/m2) 29 (6.2) 29.5 (4.7) 28.8 (7.4) 0.555
Six-minute walk test (metres) 350 (300–450) 375 (325–450) 350 (300–425) 0.008
LVEF (%) 30.5 (11.1) 30.5 (10.4) 30.4 (11.9) 0.494
NYHA class, n (%)     0.004
I 56 (54.4) 35 (71.4) 21 (38.9)  
II 33 (32.0) 10 (20.4) 23 (42.6)  
III 14 (13.6) 4 (8.2) 10 (18.5)  
Symptoms, n (%)     
Orthopnoea 11 (10.7) 2 (4.1) 9 (16.7) 0.039
Dyspnoea 16 (15.5) 5 (10.2) 11 (20.4) 0.155
PND 10 (9.7) 3 (6.1) 7 (12.9) 0.242
Fatigue 17 (16.5) 6 (12.2) 11 (20.4) 0.267
  1. Dichotomous variables are represented as absolute numbers and percentages (%). Data showed as mean and standard deviation (SD) for continuous variables with a normal distribution and as a median and interquartile range (25–75th percentile) for continuous variables with a skewed distribution.
  2. BP blood pressure, BMI body mass index, MAP mean arterial pressure, MLHFQ Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire, NYHA New York Heart Association, PND paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnoea, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction