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Table 3 Action items consistent with best practice guidelines—vignette

From: Effects of the Mental Health First Aid for the suicidal person course on beliefs about suicide, stigmatising attitudes, confidence to help, and intended and actual helping actions: an evaluation

Item Pre-course Post-course 6-month follow-up
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Spend time listening to John talk about his feelings 4.56 0.58 4.74 0.57 0.32 4.74 0.46 0.31
Ask John directly about suicidal thoughts 3.96 0.92 4.69 0.62 0.79 4.50 0.71 0.58
Ask John directly if he has a plan for how he will kill himself 3.66 1.14 4.62 0.67 0.85 4.31 0.84 0.57
Ask John directly if he has attempted suicide in past 3.89 1.02 4.57 0.66 0.67 4.43 0.74 0.53
Allow John to discuss his reasons for wanting to die 4.23 0.81 4.67 0.56 0.54 4.61 0.55 0.47
Ask John how he would like to be supported 4.55 0.63 4.75 0.54 0.32 4.79 0.43 0.38
Provide John with information about where he can get help 4.60 0.64 4.80 0.52 0.31 4.81 0.42 0.33
Ask John if there is a mental health professional whom he trusts, and seek permission to contact them on his behalf 4.45 0.79 4.72 0.57 0.34 4.70 0.51 0.31
Encourage John to get professional help as soon as possible 4.64 0.60 4.76 0.52 0.20 4.85 0.38 0.35
Scale (average)* 4.28 0.58 4.70 0.50 0.72 4.64 0.41 0.61
  1. *p < 0.0001