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Table 3 Questions regarding the risk and concerns of the general population about contracting the Corona virus

From: The mental health impact of COVID-19 outbreak: a Nationwide Survey in Iran

  Frequency Completely agree Agree No opinion Disagree Completely disagree P. value*
I’m terrified of contracting the Corona virus  
 Depression        
  Yes 1295 381 (29.4) 533 (41.2) 205 (15.8) 107 (8.3) 69 (5.3) < 0.001
  No 7296 1104 (15.1) 2959 (40.6) 1440 (19.7) 1094 (15) 699 (9.6)
 Anxiety        
  Yes 1733 656 (37.9) 641 (37) 223 (12.9) 120 (6.9) 93 (5.4) < 0.001
  No 6858 829 (12.1) 2851 (41.6) 1422 (20.7) 1081 (15.8) 675 (9.8)
Due to the anxiety of contracting the Corona virus, I avoid going to public places  
 Depression        
  Yes 1295 529 (40.8) 487 (37.6) 94 (7.3) 123 (9.5) 62 (4.8) < 0.001
  No 7296 2116 (29) 3104 (42.5) 569 (7.8) 1002 (13.7) 505 (6.9)
 Anxiety        
  Yes 1733 760 (43.9) 627 (36.2) 114 (6.6) 146 (8.4) 86 (5) < 0.001
  No 6858 1885 (27.5) 2964 (43.2) 549 (8) 979 (14.3) 481 (7)
Because I am afraid of being infected by the Corona virus, I avoid shaking hands and touching suspicious surfaces  
 Depression        
  Yes 1295 723 (55.8) 468 (36.1) 46 (3.6) 32 (2.5) 26 (2) < 0.001
  No 7296 3505 (48) 3122 (42.8) 227 (3.1) 244 (3.3) 198 (2.7)
 Anxiety        
  Yes 1733 1036 (59.8) 566 (32.7) 63 (3.6) 34 (2) 34 (2) < 0.001
  No 6858 3192 (46.5) 3024 (44.1) 210 (3.1) 242 (3.5) 190 (2.8)
I’m petrified that if I contract the Corona virus, I will die  
 Depression        
  Yes 1295 307 (23.7) 355 (27.4) 250 (19.3) 227 (17.5) 156 (12) < 0.001
  No 7296 724 (9.9) 1566 (21.5) 1606 (22.0) 2003 (27.5) 1397 (19.1)
 Anxiety        
  Yes 1733 483 (27.9) 497 (28.7) 340 (19.6) 232 (13.4) 181 (10.4) < 0.001
  No 6858 548 (8) 1424 (20.8) 1516 (22.1) 1998 (29.1) 1372 (20)
I’m anxious about the chances of me getting infected with Corona virus to be high  
Depression Yes 1295 134 (10.3) 288 (22.2) 423 (32.7) 340 (26.3) 110 (8.5) < 0.001
No 7296 211 (2.9) 947 (13) 2127 (29.2) 2625 (36) 1386 (19)
Anxiety Yes 1733 182 (10.5) 402 (23.2) 622 (35.9) 393 (22.7) 134 (7.7) < 0.001
No 6858 163 (2.4) 833 (12.1) 1928 (28.1) 2572 (37.5) 1362 (19.9)
Presumption of risk of infection due to Corona virus Frequency Agree No opinion Disagree P. value
Are you worried about contracting the Corona virus?  
 Depression (%) 1295 840 (64.9) 209 (16.1) 246 (19) < 0.001
 No depression (%) 7296 3691 (50.6) 2307 (31.6) 1298 (17.8)
 Anxiety 1733 1246 (71.9) 211 (12.2) 276 (15.9) < 0.001
 No anxiety 6858 3285 (38.2) 1296 (18.9) 2277 (33.2)
Are you anxious about your family members contracting the Corona virus?  
 Depression 1295 1189 (91.8) 63 (4.9) 43 (3.3) < 0.001
 No depression 7296 6234 (85.4) 671 (9.2) 391 (5.4)
 Anxiety 1733 1630 (94.1) 45 (2.6) 58 (3.3) < 0.001
 No anxiety 6858 5793 (84.5) 389 (5.7) 676 (9.9)
Are you worried about your living place getting contaminated with the Corona virus?  
 Depression 1295 1105 (85.3) 86 (6.6) 104 (8) < 0.001
 No depression 7296 5436 (74.5) 659 (9) 1201 (16.5)
 Anxiety 1733 1547 (89.3) 74 (4.3) 112 (6.5) < 0.001
 No anxiety 6858 4994 (72.8) 671 (9.8) 1193 (17.4)
  1. aChi-square test