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Table 2 Multivariate regression of association between demographic characteristics and source of information with clinically significant depressive and anxiety symptoms during COVID-19 pandemic in Iranian population

From: The mental health impact of COVID-19 outbreak: a Nationwide Survey in Iran

Variables Depression Anxiety
Beta OR (CI 95%) P. value Beta OR (CI 95%) P. value
Higher age − 0.030 0.970 (0.963–0.977) < 0.001 − 0.024 0.976 (0.970–0.982) < 0.001
Gender (male/female) − 0.454 0.635 (554–0.728) < 0.001 − 0.362 0.696 (0.618–0.783) < 0.001
Marital status (single/married) 0.293 1.340 (1.161–1.547) < 0.001 0.057 1.059 (0.932–1.204) 0.379
Higher educational level 0.071 1.074 (0.967–1.192) 0.182 − 0.047 0.954 (0.872–1.045) 0.313
Living location (home/apartment or dorm) − 0.086 0.918 (0.809–1.041) 0.180 − 0.074 0.928 (0.830–1.038) 0.192
Positive history of travel 0.072 1.075 (0.933–1.238) 0.318 − 0.051 0.950 (0.835–1.080) 0.434
Source of information (non-user/user)       
 Television/radio − 0.026 0.975 (0.864–1.100) 0.679 − 0.032 0.969 (0.870–1.079) 0.561
 Social media/internet − 0.006 1.006 (0.854–1.185) 0.946 − 0.012 0.988 (0.854–1.143) 0.869
 Family or friends 0.010 0.990 (0.873–1.123) 0.878 0.070 1.072 (0.959–1.198) 0.220
 Scientific articles or journals 0.231 1.260 (1.108–1.433) < 0.001 0.126 1.135 (1.013–1.271) 0.030
 Physicians and nurses − 0.041 0.960 (0.838–1.101) 0.560 0.005 1.005 (0.891–1.135) 0.933