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Table 1 Characteristics of task- sharing psychological interventions

From: Developing a task-sharing psychological intervention to treat mild to moderate symptoms of perinatal depression and anxiety in South Africa: a mixed-method formative study

Intervention description Treatment focus Evidence-based treatment approach Total sessions Length of a session Frequency of sessions Delivery method and setting Additional components
Evidence-based task sharing counselling interventions
 AFFIRM
(Lund, South Africa, 2019)
 To equip CHWs with skills to offer counselling support to mothers in low resources settings
Perinatal
Depression
SA
Problem-solving
Behaviour activation
Cognitive behaviour therapy
6 60 m bi-monthly Individual home-based visits Psychoeducation
Relaxation
Basic counselling skills
Assessment guideline
Safety guideline
 THINKING HEALTHY
(Rahman, Pakistan, 2008)
 To equip lay health care workers with skills to assist to take better self-care, bond with their baby and enhance social support
Perinatal
Depression
LMICs
Cognitive behaviour
therapy
Problem-solving
16 45–60 m Varied—Integrated into routine visit Individual, home-based visits Psychoeducation
Relaxation
Family engagement
Mobilising social support
Basic counselling skills
 HEALTHY ACTIVITY
(Patel, India, 2017)
 To strengthen counselling skills and better equip lay health workers to deliver a culturally appropriate
treatment
Depression Behaviour activation
Problem-solving
6–8 30–40 m Spread over 2–3 months Individual, facility -based visits Psychoeducation
Basic counselling skills and collaborating with the client
Safety assessment
Involvement significant others (SO)
 THE FRIENDSHIP BENCH
(Chibanda, Zimbabwe, 2017)
 To provide lay health workers with the skills to deliver a problem-solving therapy intervention for common mental disorders related to HIV
Depression and anxiety Problem-solving 6 60 m Spread over 2–3 weeks Individual, facility-based visits Basic counselling skills
 Problem Management Plus (PM +)
(WHO, 2016)
 To provide lay health workers with the skills to deliver a low intensity psychological intervention to improve a client’s ability to manage their own emotional distress
Depression anxiety and stress Problem-solving
Behavioural activation
5 90 m weekly Individual, home-based visits Basic counselling skills
Praising openness, validating feelings
Social support
Relaxation techniques
 Trauma Focused CBT
(Murray, 2015)
 To provide lay counsellors with the skills to deliver an evidence-based trauma treatment programme
Depression anxiety and PTSD Problem-solving
Behaviour activation
Cognitive behaviour
therapy
8 90 m weekly Individual, facility or community-based visits Psychoeducation
Praising openness, validating feelings
Social support
Relaxation techniques
Safety
Basic counselling support and containment for distress
 Basic Counselling Skills
(PMHP, 2011)
 To educate and empower maternal care health workers with the skills to support perinatal women in distress
Maternal mental health Person-centred
Problem management
2–3 NR NR Individual, facility or community-based visits Principles of basic counselling
Role of the helper
Psychoeducation
Caring for the counsellor
Department of Health in-service training programmes for Community Health Workers
 HIV Counselling training for lay counsellors HIV and related symptoms Problem-solving method integrated into training programme design NR NR NR Individual, facility based Psychoeducation
Basic counselling skills
Pre- and post-counselling
 Ward-based Community Health worker Training Seven core skills Problem-solving method integrated into training programme design NR NR NR Individual, community based Health Promotion
Confidentiality
Communication skills
Screening
Tracing
Psychosocial support
  1. NR: Not Reported