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Table 6 Characteristics of associated factors for suicidal ideation among HIV/AIDS patients in Africa

From: Suicidal ideation, attempt, and its associated factors among HIV/AIDS patients in Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis study

Associated factors Odds ratio (AOR) 95% CI Strength of association Author, year of publication
WHO-clinical stage 4 6.5 2.35, 18.2 Strong and positive Gebremariam et al. 2017
WHO-clinical stage 3 4.12 2.07, 8.16 Strong and positive Gebremariam et al. 2017
Not on HAART 2.39 1.07, 5.70 Moderate and positive Gebremariam et al. 2017
Family history of suicidal attempt 2.3 1.01,5.03 Moderate and positive Gebremariam et al. 2017
Comorbid depression 2.45 1.45, 4.12 Moderate and positive Gebremariam et al. 2017
Perceived stigma 1.76 1.02, 3.03 Moderate and positive Gebremariam et al. 2017
Being female 3.1 1.60, 6.00 Strong and positive Wondie et al. 2018
Family death 2.1 1.15, 3.85 Moderate and positive Wondie et al. 2018
WHO clinical stage-III 3.1 1.30, 7.35 Strong and positive Wondie et al. 2018
WHO clinical stage-IV 4.8 1.8, 18.8 Strong and positive Wondie et al. 2018
Comorbid depression 7.14 3.90, 12.9 Strong and positive Wondie et al. 2018
Perceived HIV stigma 4.2 2.27, 8.20 Strong and positive Wondie et al. 2018
Being female 2.6 1.30, 5.20 Moderate and positive Bitew et al. 2016
Poor social support 2.5 1.30,4.90 Moderate and positive Bitew et al. 2016
Being single 13.5 4.70, 39.1 Strong and positive Bitew et al. 2016
Being divorced 2.7 1.3, 4.7 Moderate and positive Bitew et al. 2016
CD4 count ≤ 500 2.5 1.3, 4.9 Moderate and positive Bitew et al. 2016
Co-morbid depression 17 8.8, 33.3 Strong and positive Bitew et al. 2016
Opportunistic infection 5.2 2.50, 10.9 Strong and positive Bitew et al. 2016
State anger 1.1 1.03, 1.09 Weak and positive Rukundo et al. 2016
Trait anger 1.1 1.04, 1.16 Weak and positive Rukundo et al. 2016
Depression 1.13 1.07, 1.20 Weak and positive Rukundo et al. 2016
Anxiety 1.1 1.03, 1.09 Weak and positive Rukundo et al. 2016
Poor social support 0.19 0.07, 0.47 Weak and negative Rukundo et al. 2016
Hopelessness 1.12 1.02, 1.23 Weak and positive Rukundo et al. 2016
Comorbid infection X2 = 24.08, p = 0.004   Strong and positive UE chikezie et al. 2013
Age group 18 to 27 X2 = 18.88, p = 0.001   Strong and positive UE chikezie et al. 2013
Being female X2 = 9.88, p = 0.001   Strong and positive UE chikezie et al. 2013
Stage 3 and 4 AIDS X2 = 33.85, p = 0.002   Strong and positive UE chikezie et al. 2013
Recent diagnosis X2 = 30.17, p = 0.015   Strong and positive UE chikezie et al. 2013
HIV non-disclosure P-value = 0.0021   Strong and positive Adeyemo et al. 2019
Physical and emotional abuse P-value = 0.0009   Strong and positive Adeyemo et al. 2019
Gender P-value = 0.025   Strong, positive Adeyemo et al. 2019
Primary school P-value = 0.017   Strong and positive Adeyemo et al. 2019
Polygamous family P-value = 0.040   Strong and positive Adeyemo et al. 2019
Poor social support P-value = 0.031   Strong, positive Adeyemo et al. 2019
Decline in academic performance P-value = 0.005   Strong and positive Adeyemo et al. 2019
Loss of family member P-value = 0.007   Strong and positive Adeyemo et al. 2019
Discrimination P-value = 0.040   Strong and positive Adeyemo et al. 2019
Being separated 3.05 1.67, 5.57 Strong and positive Egbe et al. 2017
Never married 1.9 1.22, 3.09 Moderate and positive Egbe et al. 2017
Divorced 2.66 1.07, 6.63 Moderate and positive Egbe et al. 2017
Major depressive disorder 1.8 129, 2.62 Moderate and positive Egbe et al. 2017
Being Christians 2.4 1.36, 4.26 Moderate and positive Egbe et al. 2017
Over all physical health 0.49 0.29,0.84 moderate and negative Egbe et al. 2017
Perceive HIV stigma p-value < 0.001   Strong and positive Bolakale et al. 2016
Depression p-value < 0.001   Strong and positive Bolakale et al. 2016
Non-educated 19.7 2.89, 133.82 Strong and positive Govender 2012
Grade 8 attained 5.5 1.18, 26.02 Strong and positive Govender 2012
Grade 10 attained 5.4 1.27, 23.04 Strong and positive Govender 2012
Grade 12 attained 4.7 1.12, 20.19 Strong and positive Govender 2012
Traditional African believes 22.6 4.25, 120.57 Strong and positive Govender 2012