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Table 2 A subgroup analysis of the prevalence of suicidal ideation among HIV/AIDS patients in Africa

From: Suicidal ideation, attempt, and its associated factors among HIV/AIDS patients in Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis study

Subgroup Number of studies Estimates Heterogeneity
Prevalence (%) 95% CI I2 (%) Q(DF) P-value
Country
 Ethiopia 3 27.7 21.42, 34.05 96.8 195.17(2) < 0.001
 Nigeria 9 25.3 18.68,31.88 97.8 237.2(8) < 0.001
 Uganda 3 9.80 7.86, 11.78 92.7 157.9(2) < 0.001
 South Africa 4 18.05 7.13, 28.97 96 186.23(3) < 0.001
Study design used
 Cross-sectional 16 21.60 16.19, 27.05 98.6 521.57(15) < 0.001
 Cohort and case control 3 22.20 8.48, 35.92 98.8 632.56(2) < 0.001
Sample size studied
 < 400 13 23.42 18.12, 28.72 98.4 498.12(12) < 0.001
 ≥ 400 6 18.30 8.87, 27.16 96.2 235.05(5) < 0.001
Assessment tool used
 MINI 10 16.96 8.97, 24.95 94.6 158.32(9) < 0.001
 CIDI 4 27.70 21.42, 34.05 96.8 195.17(2) < 0.001
 BDI and PHQ-9 5 25.00 14.86, 35.14 94.2 165.20(4) < 0.001
Year of publication
 After 2015 8 24.65 17.47, 31.83 87 96.3(7) < 0.001
 Before and in 2015 11 19.57 12.20, 26.95 92 128.5(10) < 0.001
  1. BDI: Beck Depression Inventory; CI: confidence interval; CIDI: Composite International Diagnostic Interview; DF: degree of freedom; PHQ-9: Patient Health Questionnaire-9