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Table 6 Multivariate analysis of mental health and sociodemographic variables as predictors of twelve-month treatment seeking (n = 1402)

From: Inequality and mental healthcare utilisation among first-year university students in South Africa

 Predictor distribution % (95% CI)Model 1 aOR (95% CI)Model 2 aOR (95% CI)
Gender (female)55.2% (52.6–57.8)1.75* (1.27–2.42)1.75* (1.27–2.42)
Population group (black)41.4% (38.8–44.0)0.52* (0.37–0.73)0.52* (0.37–0.73)
Atypical sexual orientation versus typical sexual orientation among second- generation students16.4% (14.3–18.7)1.55* (1.04–2.33)1.55* (1.03–2.32)
First generation versus second- generation students with typical sexual orientation13.7% (11.7–15.9)0.85 (0.49–1.47)0.85 (0.49–1.46)
First generation versus second- generation students with atypical sexual orientation40.6% (35.1–46.3)0.29* (0.13–0.64)0.29* (0.13–0.65)
Major depressive disorder13.6% (11.9–15.5)1.88* (1.10–3.21)1.59 (0.78–3.24)
Generalized anxiety disorder20.8% (18.7–23.0)2.34* (1.42–3.86)1.97 (0.99–3.92)
Bipolar spectrum disorder1.0% (0.6–1.7)4.07* (1.10–15.09)3.53 (0.90–13.86)
Alcohol use disorder5.6% (4.45–6.94)0.99 (0.50–1.95)
Drug use disorder3.1% (2.34.15)3.45* (1.53–7.80)2.89* (1.11–7.50)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder25.9% (23.628.3)1.57 (0.992.46)1.30 (0.662.59)
Exactly 1 disorder23.6% (21.425.9)1.26 (0.642.48)
Exactly two disorders12.3% (10.614.1)0.63 (0.321.24)0.90 (0.263.05)
Three or more disorders6.9% (5.68.4)0.48 (0.161.42)0.84 (0.135.47)
Suicidal ideation without plan and without attempt14.0% (12.215.9)2.00* (1.32–3.03)2.00* (1.32–3.03)
Suicidal plan without attempt14.1% (12.316.0)3.64* (2.44–5.43)3.58* (2.39–5.35)
Suicide attempt2.4% (1.73.3)4.57* (2.05–10.20)4.59* (2.06–10.22)
 R2 = 0.235; X2 (16) = 217.79; p = 0.00*R2 = 0.236; X2 (16) = 218.24; p = 0.00*
X2(2) = 2.00a; p = 0.37X2 (3) = 2.81d; p = 0.42
X2 (6) = 19.10b; p = 0.00*X2 (5) = 8.78e; p = 0.12
X2 (3) = 44.94c; p = 0.00*X2 (3) = 43.99c; p = 0.00*
  1. aOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. *p < 0.05
  3. a2 degree of freedom test for exactly 2 disorder and three or more disorders
  4. b6 degree of freedom test for the six common mental disorders in the model
  5. c3 degree of freedom test for the three suicidality variables in the model
  6. d3 degree of freedom test for exactly 1 disorder. Exactly 2 disorders and exactly 3 disorders
  7. e5 degree of freedom test for the five common mental disorders in the model