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Table 2 Multivariate regression analysis of associations between 12-month mental healthcare utilisation and common mental disorders

From: Inequality and mental healthcare utilisation among first-year university students in South Africa

 Predictor distribution % (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)
Major depressive disorder13.6% (11.9–15.5)1.89* (1.12–3.20)
Generalized anxiety disorder20.8% (18.7–23.0)2.68* (1.65–4.37)
Bipolar spectrum disorder1.0% (0.6–1.7)3.64 (0.98–13.47)
Alcohol use disorder5.6% (4.45–6.94)1.03 (0.52–2.02)
Drug use disorder3.1% (2.3–4.15)3.93* (1.78–8.66)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder25.9% (23.6–28.3)1.44 (0.93–2.23)
Exactly two disorders12.3% (10.6–14.1)0.57 (0.29–1.12)
Three or more disorders6.9% (5.6–8.4)0.46 (0.16–1.33)
Suicidal ideation without plan and without attempt14.0% (12.2–15.9)2.05* (1.37–3.08)
Suicidal plan without attempt14.1% (12.3–16.0)3.69* (2.51–5.43)
Suicide attempt2.4% (1.7–3.3)4.45* (2.08–9.59)
 R2 = 0.190; X2 (11) = 172.93; p = 0.00*
X2 (2) = 2.71a; p = 0.26
X2 (6) = 23.08b; p = 0.00*
X2 (3) = 49.36c; p = 0.00*
  1. The number of disorders. Suicidal thoughts and behaviour among first-year university students in South Africa (n = 1402)
  2. aOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  3. *p < 0.05
  4. a2 degree of freedom test for exactly 2 disorders and 3 or more disorders
  5. b6 degree of freedom test for the six common mental disorders in the model
  6. c3 degree of freedom test for the three suicidality variables in the model