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Table 1 Twelve-month mental healthcare utilisation associated with mental health problems among first-year university students in South Africa (n = 1402)

From: Inequality and mental healthcare utilisation among first-year university students in South Africa

 Predictor distribution in sample (95% CI)Proportion utilising mental healthcare % (95% CI)Multivariate analysis of associations with mental healthcare utilisation aOR (95% CI)
Type of mental disorder
 Major depressive disorder13.6% (11.9–15.5)36.1% (29.3–43.4)1.98* (1.36–2.88)
 Generalized anxiety disorder20.8% (18.7–23.0)36.1% (30.6–41.9)2.50* (1.78–3.52)
 Bipolar spectrum disorder1.0% (0.6–1.7)64.3% (35.2–87.3)4.97* (1.45–17.09)
 Alcohol use disorder5.6% (4.45–6.94)21.8% (13.2–32.6)0.85 (0.45–1.58)
 Drug use disorder3.1% (2.3–4.15)55.8% (39.9–70.9)4.55* (2.30–8.98)
 Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder25.9% (23.6–28.3)28.1% (23.5–33.0)1.32 (0.95–1.84)
   R2 = 0.132
   X2 (6) = 118.39
   p = 0.00*
Number of disorders
 Exactly one mental disorder23.6% (21.4–25.9)22.7% (18.3–27.6)2.61* (1.85-3.69)
 Exactly two mental disorders12.3% (10.6–14.1)30.2% (23.4–37.7)3.85* (2.59-5.74)
 Three or more mental disorders6.9% (5.6–8.4)47.9% (37.6–58.3)8.15* (5.14-12.93)
   R2 = 0.116
   X2 (3) = 103.30
   p = 0.00*
Suicidal thoughts and behaviors
 Suicidal ideation without plan and without attempt14.0% (12.2–15.9)25.4% (19.5–32.1)2.85* (1.95–4.16)
 Suicidal plan without attempt14.1% (12.3–16.0)41.6% (34.6–48.8)5.96* (4.21–8.44)
 Suicide attempt2.4% (1.7–3.3)52.9% (35.1–70.2)9.16* (4.55–18.43)
   R2 = 0.141
   X2 (3) = 126.72
   p = 0.00*
  1. aOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. *p < 0.05