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Table 4 Characteristics of associated factors for depression among HIV AIDS patients in Ethiopia by their Odds ratio, Confidence interval, association strength, author and year of publication

From: Depressive symptoms and their determinants in patients who are on antiretroviral therapy in the case of a low-income country, Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Associated factors Odds ratio(AOR) 95% CI Strength of association Author, year of publication
Perceived stigma 6.98 3.07, 15.86 Strong and positive Abadiga 2019
Opportunistic infection 9.38 4.21, 20.89 Strong and positive Abadiga 2019
Adverse drug reaction 3.7 1.58, 8.81 Strong, positive Abadiga 2019
Poor social support 9.9 3.57, 27.86 Strong and positive Abadiga 2019
Co-morbid chronic illness 6.1 1.66, 22.68 Strong and positive Abadiga 2019
Poor social support 2.5 1.70, 9.13 Strong and positive Duko et al. 2018
Perceived HIV stigma 2.8 1.78, 4.48 Strong and positive Duko et al. 2018
CD4 count < 200 3.9 1.02, 14.83 Strong and positive Duko et al. 2018
Being female 2.07 1.08, 3.98 Strong and positive Eshetu et al. 2015
30–39 years old 2.8 1.16, 6.54 Strong and positive Eshetu et al. 2015
60–69 years old 19.6 4.02, 95.99 Strong and positive Eshetu et al. 2015
Low income(< 200ETB) 3.9 1.14, 6.86 Strong and positive Eshetu et al. 2015
Stage 3 AIDS 2.3 1.11, 4.85 Strong and positive Eshetu et al. 2015
Stage 4 AIDS 8.8 1.93, 39.87 Strong and positive Eshetu et al. 2015
Perceived HIV stigma 3.6 1.86, 6.95 Strong and positive Eshetu et al. 2015
Living alone 2.5 1.19, 5.08 Strong and positive Dejenu 2015
Perceived stigma 3.4 1.63, 7.19 Strong and positive Dejenu 2015
Stop working 2.7 1.78, 6.33 Strong and positive Dejenu 2015
Poor social support 10 1.91, 33.16 Strong and positive Dejenu 2015
Being male 1.6 1.14, 2.34 Moderate and positive Mohammed et al. 2015
Being widowed 3.1 1.70, 5.75 Strong and positive Mohammed et al. 2015
Monthly income 500-1000ETB 1.9 1.16, 3.19 Strong and positive Mohammed et al. 2015
Missing medication 5.3 2.58, 10.77 Strong and positive Mohammed et al. 2015
Being teased, insulted or sworn at 2.3 1.22, 4.29 Strong and positive Mohammed et al. 2015
Gossiped about 2.9 1.68, 5.31 Strong and positive Mohammed et al. 2015
Perceived HIV stigma 3.6 2.23, 5.80 Strong and positive Tesfaw et al. 2016
Poor social support 2 1.25, 3.27 Strong and positive Tesfaw et al. 2016
HIV stage III 2.8 1.50, 5.21 Strong and positive Tesfaw et al. 2016
Poor medication adherence 1.6 1.02, 2.55 Moderate and positive Tesfaw et al. 2016
Urban residence 3.2 1.50, 6.65 Strong and positive Berhe and Bayray 2013
Low income(< 200ETB) 4.4 1.35, 14.58 Strong and positive Berhe and Bayray 2013
Unemployed 2.7 1.34, 5.57 Strong and positive Berhe and Bayray 2013
Government employed 3.6 1.73, 7.30 Strong and positive Berhe and Bayray 2013
Moderate stress 6.9 2.27, 20.81 Strong and positive Solomon and Girma 2014
Poor social support 10.2 2.85, 36.29 Strong and positive Solomon and Girma 2014
 ≥ 6 negative life events 3.9 1.77, 8.99 Strong and positive Solomon and Girma 2014
Non- disclosure of HIV status 5.2 1.33, 20.62 Strong and positive Solomon and Girma 2014
Low CD4 count (≤ 350) 3.5 1.62, 7.73 Strong and positive Solomon and Girma 2014
Food insecurity 3.8 1.57, 9.32 Strong and positive Yeneabat et al. 2017
Non-ownership of livestock 2.2 1.16, 4.10 Strong and positive Yeneabat et al. 2017
Opportunistic infection 5.2 1.34, 20.16 Strong and positive Yeneabat et al. 2017
Non-adherence to ART 3.3 1.44, 7.76 Strong and positive Gebreegziabher et al. 2019
WHO-stage II and above 4.7 1.32, 16.51 Strong and positive Gebreegziabher et al. 2019
Living alone 2.4 1.09, 5.43 Strong and positive Gebreegziabher et al. 2019
Having side effects of ART drug 2.8 1.14, 6.78 Strong and positive Gebreegziabher et al. 2019
20–24 years of age 2.2 1.33, 3.62 Strong and positive Abebe et al. 2019
Opportunistic infection 1.9 1.15, 3.27 Strong and positive Abebe et al. 2019
Poor medication adherence 1.8 1.03, 2.98 Strong and positive Abebe et al. 2019
Poor social support 2.7 1.13, 2.64 Strong and positive Abebe et al. 2019
Moderate social support 1.8 1.03, 2.98 Strong and positive Abebe et al. 2019
Perceived HIV stigma 2.1 1.35, 4.14 Strong and positive Abebe et al. 2019
  1. AIDS Acquired Immune deficiency Syndrome, ART Anti-retroviral therapy, ETB Ethiopian birr