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Table 1 Programs targeted to health professionals, health professional students, emergency workers

From: Review of Australian initiatives to reduce stigma towards people with complex mental illness: what exists and what works?

Program name Organisation Type of mental illness Target audience Program description Anti-stigma component Lived experience involvement Session length, facilitated by Where provided Duration and reach Funding Level of evidencea
Recovery Camp [14,15,16,17] Recovery Camp Mental illness (non-specific) Nursing students A non-traditional placement for nursing students. Health students and people with a lived experience of mental illness attend a recreation camp, participating in an adventure activities program in the Australian bush Contact: Lived experience attendees are encouraged to share their stories related to mental health and recovery with students. Everyone at camp is of equal status and contact is outside an acute setting (recovery focused) LE person was involved in program development and delivery. Previous attendees with LE are involved in designing future camps and choosing camp activities 5 days, 4 nights. Facilitated by registered nurses. Camps of 40–130 people, including 40 students, 40 people with lived experience, 5 nurse facilitators, several other staff NSW, metropolitan Since 2013. 800 students, 690 lived experience Earned income from universities 4
Recovery for mental health nursing practice [18,19,20,21] School of Nursing and Midwifery, Central Queensland University Mental illness (non-specific) Nursing students A nursing subject ‘Recovery for mental health nursing practice’ introduces students to a recovery approach to mental health care Contact: Subject is taught by an academic with lived experience LE person was responsible for all aspects of the subject (e.g. development of content and appropriate resources, writing and examining the assessment tasks) N/R. Subject taught by nurse with lived experience QLD, regional/ rural N/R N/R 2
Remind Training and Education [22,23,24] Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sydney Schizophrenia, depression Pharmacy students Pharmacy students attend a tutorial with trained mental health consumer educators, receive a series of mental health lectures and undertake supervised weekly placements in the community pharmacy setting Contact: Consumer educators discuss their history with mental illness, the medications they take, ways of coping with their illness, the important role that pharmacists need to play in supporting people with mental illnesses, and how they were real people who led normal lives despite their illness. Students given opportunity to interview the educators during the tutorial Trained mental health consumer educators from the Schizophrenia Fellowship of NSW participate in each session Contact session is 2 h. Facilitated by pharmacy tutors NSW, metropolitan Since 2010, approx. 2,500 students N/R 3
Collaborative Recovery Training Program (CRTP) [25, 26] Illawarra Institute for Mental Health, University of Wollongong Severe and persistent mental illnesses, such as schizophrenia Health professionals Involves training in recovery concepts and skills supporting consumers’ abilities to set, pursue and attain personal goals Education: Aims to improve mental health workers’ attitudes towards prospect of recovery N/R 2-day training, facilitator not reported NSW, regional/
N/R N/R 3
Managing Mental Health Emergencies short course [27] Australian Rural Nurses and Midwives Range of disorders including psychosis, schizophrenia, or bipolar disorder Rural and remote health professionals Management of mental health emergencies including differentiating between substance intoxication and psychosis Education: To upskill generalists in rural and remote areas to respectfully and effectively manage mental health emergency care N/R 2-day training, facilitator not reported Australia-wide, regional/
rural, remote
Since 2003. As of 2007, 745 Commonwealth Department of Health 3
Mental Health Intervention Team training [28, 29] NSW Police Force, Queensland Police Service Mental illness (non-specific) Police officers Training to become accredited specialist Mental Health Intervention Officers. Provides a practical skillset to assist them with managing persons within the community who are experiencing a mental health crisis event or suicidal ideation Education: Training to identify signs and symptoms of mental illness, provide tools for communication strategies, risk assessment, de-escalation and crisis intervention techniques, and gain an understanding of the current Mental Health Act
Contact: Lived experience component presented by panel of mental health consumers and a carer
N/R 4-day training (intensive), 1-day training, facilitator not reported NSW, ACT, WA, QLD In NSW since 2007 [4-dayprogram]. As of 2015, 2,600 officers trained. Since 2014 [1-dayprogram]. As of Dec 2015, 16,141 officers trained. In QLD since 2006 State government 4
Mental Health Intervention Team training (brief) [30] Oak Flats VKG Call Centre Mental illness (non-specific) Emergency service communication officers A brief version of the MHIT training which teaches how to respond effectively during mental health emergencies with the aim of diversion from jail to mental health treatment Education: Training to increase the likelihood of call takers identifying mental health calls in order to prepare the responding officers before arriving at the scene N/R 1.5–2 h, facilitator not reported NSW, metro, regional/
Since 2011, N/R N/R 4
  1. 1 = No evaluation evidence, 2 = Post survey feedback or qualitative interviews, 3 = One or more uncontrolled trials or repeated cross-sectional surveys, 4 = One or more controlled trials, 5 = One or more randomised controlled trials
  2. LE Lived Experience, N/R Not Reported