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Table 2 Mean scores on clinical outcome measures (pre-post group, N = 18)

From: Mindfulness for psychosis groups; description and preliminary evaluation of a novel routine care pathway in Hong Kong

Outcome measures Pre-group score (N = 18) Post-group score (N = 18) Paired sample T test
(1) Negative symptoms (BNSS; range 0–78)
 Mean (SD) 9.17 (12.55) 4.17 (7.07) t(17) = 2.68, p = 0.016*
(2) Depressive symptoms (C-BDI-II; range 0–63)
 Mean (SD) 17.72 (10.54) 16.56 (10.79) t(17) = 0.702, p = 0.492
(3) Mindfulness of thoughts and images (C-SMQ; range 0–96)
 Total score
  Mean (SD) 46.61 (7.44) 49.83 (6.90) t(17) = − 2.77, p = 0.013*
Sub-scales (range 0–24)
 Mindful observation
  Mean (SD) 14.06 (3.33) 14.17 (3.54) t(17) = − 0.14, p = 0.890
 Letting go
  Mean (SD) 11.17 (3.55) 12.00 (3.53) t(17) = − 1.55, p = 0.140
 Absence of aversion
  Mean (SD) 12.33 (3.48) 13.17 (3.26) t(17) = − 1.61, p = 0.127
 Non-judgement
  Mean (SD) 9.06 (2.90) 10.5 (3.17) t(17) = − 2.28, p = 0.036*
(4) Daily mindfulness (DMRS; range 1–10)
 Mean (SD) 5.29 (1.92) 6.50 (1.42) t(17) = − 2.17, p = 0.045*
(5) Well-being (C-SWEMWBS; range 7–35)
 Mean (SD) 21.33 (5.16) 22.06 (5.24) t(17) = − 0.959, p = 0.351
  1. *p < 0.05