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Table 3 Prevalence of major depression by individual socio-demographic characteristics in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus based on multiple logistic regression analyses

From: Detection and prevalence of depression among adult type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending non-communicable diseases clinics in Lilongwe, Malawi

Variable No Depression Depression P-value OR 95% CI
n % n %
Age (years)
 21–30* 9 90 1 10   1 (ref)   
 31–40 26 78.8 7 21.2 0.442 2.414 0.255 22.88
 41–50 61 81.3 14 18.7 0.617 1.744 0.191 15.42
 51–60 87 82.1 19 17.9 0.667 1.604 0.187 13.75
 61–70 71 83.5 14 16.5 0.762 1.396 0.167 12.14
 71–80 11 78.6 3 21.4 0.624 1.849 0.158 21.63
Education
 No education* 19 70.4 8 29.6   1 (ref)   
 Formal education 246 83.1 50 16.9 0.069 1.082 0.404 1.035
Employment status
 Employed* 122 85.3 21 14.7   1 (ref)   
 Unemployed 143 79.4 37 20.6 0.340 1.082 0.920 1.272
Gender
 Male* 68 86.1 11 13.9   1 (ref)   
 Female 197 80.7 47 19.3 0.466 1.315 0.629 2.746
Marital status
 Married* 204 81.9 45 18.1   1 (ref)   
 Unmarried 61 82.4 13 17.6 0.922 0.966 0.481 1.937
  1. * Reference category