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Table 3 Comorbidity of probable mental health disorders amongst the enslaved versus non-enslaved Yazidi females

From: Measures of depression, generalized anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorders amongst Yazidi female survivors of ISIS slavery and violence

Number of probable diagnoses Total group
(n = 348)
N (%)
Formerly enslaved
(n = 139)
N (%)
Non-enslaved
(n = 209)
N (%)
χ2 P
Without diagnosis 72 (20.7) 7 (5) 65 (31.1) 34.562  < 0.001**
Single diagnostic category
 Only depression# 27 (7.8) 3 (2.2) 24 (11.5) 10.143 0.001*
 Only GAD 6 (1.7) 0 (0) 6 (2.9) 4.060 0.085
 Only PTSD 42 (12.1) 6 (4.3) 36 (17.2) 13.107  < 0.001**
Two diagnostic categories
 Depression and GAD 32 (9.2) 3 (2.2) 29 (13.9) 13.727  < 0.001**
 Depression and PTSD 24 (6.9) 8 (5.8) 16 (7.7) 0.469 0.527
 GAD and PTSD 6 (1.7) 3 (2.2) 3 (1.4) 0.257 0.686
Three diagnostic categories
 Depression, GAD, and PTSD 139 (39.9) 109 (78.4) 30 (14.4) 124.822  < 0.001**
  1. Depression, Patient Health Questionnaire-Depression Module total score ≥ 10; GAD, Generalized Anxiety Disorder total score ≥ 10, PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder mean score ≥ 2.5